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Reflexive Water Management in Arid Regions: The Case of Iran


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  • Mohammad Reza Balali
  • Jozef Keulartz
  • Michiel Korthals
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    To illuminate the problems and perspectives of water management in Iran and comparable (semi-) arid Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, three paradigms can be distinguished: the traditional, the industrial and the reflexive paradigm. Each paradigm is characterised by its key technical system, its main social institution and its ethico-religious framework. Iran seems to be in a state of transition from the 'hydraulic mission' of industrial modernity to a more reflexive approach to water management. This article sketches the contours of the emerging paradigm: a complementary system of traditional and modern methods of water provision, a participatory water resources management and a 'post-mechanistic' ethico-religious framework.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by White Horse Press in its journal Environmental Values.

    Volume (Year): 18 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 1 (February)
    Pages: 91-112

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    Handle: RePEc:env:journl:ev18:ev1805

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    Related research

    Keywords: Water; Qanat irrigation system; industrial modernity;

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    Cited by:
    1. Jeremy J. Schmidt & Dan Shrubsole, 2013. "Modern Water Ethics: Implications for Shared Governance," Environmental Values, White Horse Press, vol. 22(3), pages 359-379, June.
    2. Masoud Yazdanpanah & Dariush Hayati & Gholam Zamani & Fereshteh Karbalaee & Stefan Hochrainer-Stigler, 2013. "Water management from tradition to second modernity: an analysis of the water crisis in Iran," Environment, Development and Sustainability, Springer, vol. 15(6), pages 1605-1621, December.


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