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Endogeneidad y rendimientos de la educación

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  • Fernando Barceinas

    (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana)

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    Abstract

    Based on the fact that the non-fulfilment of the exogeneity assumption on education in an earning function produces inconsistent OLS estimates, the object of this article is to show a set of procedures, mainly based on the use of instrumental variables, to estimate the return to education in Mexico considering that schooling is endogenous. The general result is that returns are notably increased, what might be showing the return of specific groups of population with financial restrictions and a higher return with respect to the average return. The data base used were the Household Budget Survey, 1994 and 1996.

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    File URL: http://codex.colmex.mx:8991/exlibris/aleph/a18_1/apache_media/16K5G4S559A2KNK12MFMC3FEM256U8.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos in its journal Estudios Económicos.

    Volume (Year): 18 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 79-131

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    Handle: RePEc:emx:esteco:v:18:y:2003:i:1:p:79-131

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    Web page: http://www.colmex.mx/centros/cee/
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    1. Uusitalo, Roope, 1999. "Return to education in Finland," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 569-580, November.
    2. McKinley L. Blackburn & David Neumark, 1991. "Omitted-Ability Bias and the Increase in the Return to Schooling," NBER Working Papers 3693, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Heckman, James J. & Vytlacil, Edward J., 2000. "The relationship between treatment parameters within a latent variable framework," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 33-39, January.
    4. Plug, Erik & Vijverberg, Wim, 2000. "Schooling, Family Background, and Adoption: Is It Nature of Is It Nurture?," Discussion Papers 736, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
    5. Robert Haveman & Barbara Wolfe, 1995. "The Determinants of Children's Attainments: A Review of Methods and Findings," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1829-1878, December.
    6. David Card, 1993. "Using Geographic Variation in College Proximity to Estimate the Return to Schooling," NBER Working Papers 4483, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Joshua D. Angrist & Guido W. Imbens, 1995. "Identification and Estimation of Local Average Treatment Effects," NBER Technical Working Papers 0118, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Adriaan Kalwij, 2000. "Estimating the economic return to schooling on the basis of panel data," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(1), pages 61-71.
    9. Butcher, Kristin F & Case, Anne, 1994. "The Effect of Sibling Sex Composition on Women's Education and Earnings," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 109(3), pages 531-63, August.
    10. Donna K. Ginther, 2000. "Alternative Estimates of the Effect of Schooling on Earnings," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(1), pages 103-116, February.
    11. Brunello, Giorgio & Miniaci, Raffaele, 1999. "The economic returns to schooling for Italian men. An evaluation based on instrumental variables1," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 509-519, November.
    12. Ichino, Andrea & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 1999. "Lower and upper bounds of returns to schooling: An exercise in IV estimation with different instruments," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(4-6), pages 889-901, April.
    13. Carlos Peraita & Manuel Sanchez, 1998. "The effect of family background on children's level of schooling attainment in Spain," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(10), pages 1327-1334.
    14. Garen, John, 1984. "The Returns to Schooling: A Selectivity Bias Approach with a Continuous Choice Variable," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(5), pages 1199-1218, September.
    15. Rummery, Sarah & Vella, Francis & Verbeek, Marno, 1999. "Estimating the returns to education for Australian youth via rank-order instrumental variables," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 491-507, November.
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