Occupational gender wage discrimination in Turkey
AbstractPurpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate gender based wage differences by schooling and occupations and to estimate the occupational gender wage discrimination in Turkey where strenuous attempts are underway to modernize and negotiate its culturally (Islamic)-based gender differences. Design/methodology/approach – This study employs an extension of Blinder and Oaxaca's approach to measure the effect of wage discrimination. In order to correct a possible sample selection problem, Heckman's two step procedure is used to estimate the earning equations for males and females by using Turkish Household Expenditure and Income Survey. Findings – Among the paper's central findings is that gender wage gap decreases with education, is less in the public sector, and varies across occupations. The overall discriminatory wage gap is estimated at 30 percent after controlling for education, experience, occupation, region, and selection effects. Research limitations/implications – Limitations of this study are mostly related to the nature of the data set used in the analysis. Future research should be replicated on time series data with more variables if they are available. Practical implications – Policy makers should promote education of women since education reduces inequalities among genders as revealed from the decreasing gap of wage differentials for higher levels of education. They should implement measures aimed at reducing inequalities in women's pay and improving women's status in the labor market in line with the European Union policies. Originality/value – By using micro data, this study estimates the gender wage discrimination at occupational levels in Turkey by correcting the possible sample selection bias in the analysis, usually omitted in other studies.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Emerald Group Publishing in its journal Journal of Economic Studies.
Volume (Year): 33 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
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- Aysit Tansel & Nil Demet Güngör, 2012.
"Gender Effects of Education on Economic Development in Turkey,"
2012/19, Turkish Economic Association.
- Aysit Tansel & Nil Gungor, 2013. "Gender effects of education on economic development in Turkey," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 40(6), pages 794 - 821, November.
- Tansel, Aysit & Gungor, Nil D., 2012. "Gender effects of education on economic development in Turkey," MPRA Paper 38391, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Tansel, Aysit & Güngör, Nil Demet, 2012. "Gender Effects of Education on Economic Development in Turkey," IZA Discussion Papers 6532, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Aysit Tansel & Nil Demet Güngör, 2012. "Gender Effects of Education on Economic Development in Turkey," KoÃ§ University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1209, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
- Aysit Tansel & Nil Demet Gungor, 2012. "Gender Effects of Education on Economic Development in Turkey," ERC Working Papers 1203, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Apr 2012.
- repec:hal:journl:halshs-00188745 is not listed on IDEAS
- Arda Aktas & Gokce Uysal, 2011. "Explaining the Gender Wage Gap in Turkey Using the Wage Structure Survey," Working Papers 005, Bahcesehir University, Betam, revised Mar 2012.
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