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Fiscal policy in the European Union: Tax and spend, spend and tax, fiscal synchronisation or institutional separation?

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Author Info

  • Christos Kollias
  • Susana-Maria Paleologou

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the revenue-expenditure nexus in the case of the 15 members of the European Union. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses a VECM framework to determine the causal ordering between these two macroeconomic aggregates. Findings – The empirical tests have yielded mixed results. The fiscal synchronisation hypothesis is supported for Denmark, Greece, Ireland, The Netherlands, Portugal and Sweden while, in the case of Austria, Belgium and Germany, the results point to the institutional separation hypothesis. Unidirectional causality from revenue to expenditure appears to be the case for Italy and Spain while the reverse causal ordering is found for Luxembourg. The findings also suggest the presence of the Buchanan-Wagner hypothesis for Finland, France and the UK. Originality/value – The determination of the causal ordering between these two macroeconomic aggregates has important implications for fiscal policy and the concomitant determination of budgetary balances. This is particularly true for the countries that participate in the eurozone and thus fall under the provisions of the stability and growth pact.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Emerald Group Publishing in its journal Journal of Economic Studies.

Volume (Year): 33 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
Pages: 108-120

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Handle: RePEc:eme:jespps:v:33:y:2006:i:2:p:108-120

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Related research

Keywords: European Union; Expenditure; Fiscal policy; Public revenue;

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Cited by:
  1. António Afonso & Christophe Rault, 2009. "Bootstrap panel Granger-causality between government spending and revenue in the EU," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp944, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  2. G A Vamvoukas, 2011. "The Tax-Spend Debate with an Application to the EU," Economic Issues Journal Articles, Economic Issues, vol. 16(1), pages 65-88, March.
  3. Saunoris, James W. & Payne, James E., 2010. "Tax more or spend less? Asymmetries in the UK revenue-expenditure nexus," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 478-487, July.
  4. Trachanas, Emmanouil & Katrakilidis, Constantinos, 2013. "Fiscal deficits under financial pressure and insolvency: Evidence for Italy, Greece and Spain," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 730-749.

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