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Social entrepreneurship: a different model?


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  • Roger Spear
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    Purpose – This paper is concerned with developing a framework which allows both economic and social entrepreneurship to be analysed. Design/methodology/approach – The framework is developed to accommodate the often neglected collective or pluralistic dimension of entrepreneurship. It draws on the behavioural approach to adopt a straightforward definition of social entrepreneurship – focusing on the creation of a social enterprise (co-operative, mutual or voluntary organisation). The paper is exploratory, developing a conceptual framework, based on some case studies of social enterprises in a range of business sectors, in the UK. Findings – The findings from this small scale study provide interesting models of entrepreneurship that contrast with conventional models for SMEs. Research limitations/implications – The research has implications for research on conventional entrepreneurship, as well as creating a basis for developing the new field of social entrepreneurship. Practical implications – The paper provides policy implications for more effective support of social entrepreneurship. Originality/value – The paper establishes the importance of some distinctive factors in social entrepreneurship for policy and further research.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Emerald Group Publishing in its journal International Journal of Social Economics.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 5/6 (May)
    Pages: 339-410

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    Handle: RePEc:eme:ijsepp:v:33:y:2006:i:5/6:p:399-410

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    Postal: Emerald Group Publishing, Howard House, Wagon Lane, Bingley, BD16 1WA, UK

    Related research

    Keywords: Co-operative organizations; Corporate social responsibility; Entrepreneurialism;


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    Cited by:
    1. Johanna Mair & Julie Battilana & Julian Cardenas, 2012. "Organizing for Society: A Typology of Social Entrepreneuring Models," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 111(3), pages 353-373, December.
    2. A. Montgomery & Peter Dacin & M. Dacin, 2012. "Collective Social Entrepreneurship: Collaboratively Shaping Social Good," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 111(3), pages 375-388, December.
    3. Steffen Korsgaard, 2011. "Opportunity formation in social entrepreneurship," Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(2), pages 265-285, September.
    4. Sean Patrick Sassmannshausen & Christine Volkmann, 2013. "A Bibliometric Based Review on Social Entrepreneurship and its Establishment as a Field of Research," Schumpeter Discussion Papers, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library sdp13003, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.
    5. Leo Dana & Jan Age Riseth, 2011. "Reindeer Herders in Finland: Pulled to Community-based Entrepreneurship & Pushed to Individualistic Firms'," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1448, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Zahra, Shaker A. & Gedajlovic, Eric & Neubaum, Donald O. & Shulman, Joel M., 2009. "A typology of social entrepreneurs: Motives, search processes and ethical challenges," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 519-532, September.
    7. repec:eme:jecpps:v:5:y:2011:i:4:p:265-285 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Hoogendoorn, B. & Pennings, H.P.G. & Thurik, A.R., 2010. "What do We Know about Social Entrepreneurship: An Analysis of Empirical Research," ERIM Report Series Research in Management, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasm ERS-2009-044-ORG, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.


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