I'll marry you if you get me a job: Marital assimilation and immigrant employment rates
AbstractPurpose – The purpose of this paper is to test whether marriage to a native affects the probability that an immigrant will be employed. Design/methodology/approach – Utilizing 2000 US Census data, first the effect of cross-nativity marriages on employment is examined using an ordinary least squares model. To deal with endogeneity concerns, a two-stage least squares model instrument for marriage to a native using local marriage market conditions is then estimated. Findings – Results from an ordinary least squares model controlling for the usual measures of human capital and immigrant assimilation suggest that marriage to a native increases an immigrant's employment probability by approximately four percentage points. When taking into account the endogeneity of the intermarriage decision, marriage to a native increases the probability of employment by about 11 percentage points. Research limitations/implications – Although various mechanisms are discussed through which marriage to a native can increase employment probabilities of immigrants, the authors do not disentangle these mechanisms. This is an area ripe for future research. Originality/value – It is shown that, from a theoretical perspective, marriage to a native has an ambiguous effect on immigrant employment rates. The empirical answer to this question provides insights into the assimilation process, which may prove useful in designing optimal immigration policies.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Emerald Group Publishing in its journal International Journal of Manpower.
Volume (Year): 30 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1/2 (May)
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Web page: http://www.emeraldinsight.com
Postal: Emerald Group Publishing, Howard House, Wagon Lane, Bingley, BD16 1WA, UK
Other versions of this item:
- Furtado, Delia & Theodoropoulos, Nikolaos, 2009. "I'll Marry You If You Get Me a Job: Marital Assimilation and Immigrant Employment Rates," IZA Discussion Papers 3951, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
- J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
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- Chunbei Wang & Le Wang, 2012. "The effects of 9/11 on intermarriage between natives and immigrants to the U.S," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 10(2), pages 171-192, June.
- Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Kusum Mundra, 2013.
"Immigrant Homeownership and Immigration Status: Evidence from Spain,"
CReAM Discussion Paper Series
1301, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
- Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Kusum Mundra, 2013. "Immigrant Homeownership and Immigration Status: Evidence from Spain," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(2), pages 204-218, 05.
- Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina & Mundra, Kusum, 2012. "Immigrant Homeownership and Immigration Status: Evidence from Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 6676, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Nottmeyer, Olga, 2011. "Couple's Relative Labor Supply in Intermarriage," IZA Discussion Papers 5567, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Gil S. Epstein & Renana Lindner Pomerantz, 2012.
"Assimilation through Marriage,"
2012-11, Department of Economics, Bar-Ilan University.
- Epstein, Gil S. & Lindner Pomerantz, Renana, 2012. "Assimilation through Marriage," IZA Discussion Papers 6831, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Gil S. Epstein & Renana Lindner Pomerantz, 2012. "Assimilation through Marriage," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1220, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
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