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Balance sheet and income statement issues in ARMS

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Author Info

  • Paul N. Ellinger
  • Bruce L. Ahrendsen
  • Charles B. Moss

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to analyze possible implications of the economic measures presented in the balance sheet and income statement of the farm firm. Design/methodology/approach – Accounting principles and the users of accounting information are studied. From a review of the Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) questionnaire, several items are identified that limit ARMS information from fully measuring economic and financial conditions. Findings – ARMS limitations include issues related to asset valuation, income and expense recognition, and extraordinary income reporting. In particular, data limitations on deferred taxes associated with market values exceeding cost, capital leases, prepaid rents, accrued items, Section 179 and accelerated depreciation methods, and extraordinary items may result in understatement of leverage, overstatement of liquidity, and under reporting of year-to-year farm income variability measures. Originality/value – By identifying these limitations, changes can be made that may result in improved measures of farm financial condition and farm household well-being.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Emerald Group Publishing in its journal Agricultural Finance Review.

Volume (Year): 72 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (July)
Pages: 247-253

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Handle: RePEc:eme:afrpps:v:72:y:2012:i:2:p:247-253

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Web page: http://www.emeraldinsight.com

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Postal: Emerald Group Publishing, Howard House, Wagon Lane, Bingley, BD16 1WA, UK
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Related research

Keywords: Accounting; Accounting principle; Accrued expense; ARMS; Balance sheet; Capital lease; Farm income; Farms; Section 179;

References

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  1. Charles B. Moss & Danny A. Klinefelter, 2012. "Accounting for complex entities: implications for ARMS," Agricultural Finance Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 72(2), pages 201-209, July.
  2. Bruce L. Ahrendsen & Ani L. Katchova, 2012. "Financial ratio analysis using ARMS data," Agricultural Finance Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 72(2), pages 262-272, July.
  3. Ahrendsen, Bruce L. & Katchova, Ani L., 2012. "Financial Ratio Analysis using ARMS Data," Staff Papers 164517, University of Kentucky, Department of Agricultural Economics.
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