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Métodos de focalización en la política social en México. Un estudio comparativo

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Author Info

  • Daniel Hernández Franco

    ()
    (Coordinador de Asesores de la Secretaría de Educación Pública.)

  • Mónica E. Orozco Corona.

    ()

  • Sirenia Vázquez Báez

    ()
    (Analista, VECTOR Casa de Bolsa)

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    Abstract

    This paper tries to describe and analyze some of the tools used in social policy to target poverty reduction programs in Mexico. Targeting strategy programs center public actions to a reasonable well defined population or territory, in order to achieve a more focused efficiency in the resource allocation stage. Using data from the National Household Survey of Income and Expenditure (ENIGH) 2002, three econometric models are used to identify the target population: Discriminant Analysis, a Logit Model and a Hierarchical Logit Model.The results show that Discriminant Analysis, which is the main tool used by Sedesol to identify individuals in poverty conditions, has the lowest undercoverage error for the three measures of the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke poverty index. The result leads to conclude that this method proves to be the most efficient in identifying population in poverty conditions, given the available information.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by in its journal Economia Mexicana NUEVA EPOCA.

    Volume (Year): XVII (2008)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January-June)
    Pages: 101-137

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    Handle: RePEc:emc:ecomex:v:17:y:2008:i:1:p:101-137

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    Related research

    Keywords: targeting; discriminant analysis; hierarchical models; Logit model; leakage error; undercoverage error.;

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