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México. Concentración y localización del empleo manufacturero, 1980-1998


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  • Alejandro Dávila Flores

    (Centro de Investigaciones Socioeconómicas de la Universidad Autónoma de Coahuila)

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    Through the application of a variant of the Gini Index, the evolution of employment geographic concentration in manufacturing is measured in Mexico. Initially the procedure is defined to derive, from a function of regional distribution of employment in manufacturing, the Lorenz Curve. Subsequently, the values of the Gini coefficient are calculated for each one of the 54 economic activity branches that integrate the manufacturing industry. Using the statistical technique of cluster analysis, the levels of employment concentration per branch are identified. Similarly, the concentration rates of manufacturing employment and the coefficients of localization by activity branch are calculated for each of the 32 federative entities that integrate the Mexican republic. The data is grouped in more extensive regions to identify sector and regional location patterns for manufacturing and its evolution between 1980 and 1998.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by in its journal Economia Mexicana NUEVA EPOCA.

    Volume (Year): XIII (2004)
    Issue (Month): 2 (July-December)
    Pages: 209-254

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    Handle: RePEc:emc:ecomex:v:13:y:2004:i:2:p:209-254

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    Related research

    Keywords: concentration of labor; localization of labor; and trade liberalization.;


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    Cited by:
    1. Trejo Nieto , Alejandra Berenice, 2010. "The geographic concentration in Mexican manufacturing industries, an account of patterns, dynamics and explanations: 1988-2003," Investigaciones Regionales, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 18, pages 37-60.


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