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Cumplimiento fiscal y bienes públicos. ¿Son realmente compatibles?

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  • Sour, Laura

    (Centro de Invetigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE))

Abstract

This work provides experimental evidence of the determinants of tax compliance in Mexico, and compares them to the results of an experiment administered in the United States reported by Alm, Jackson and McKee (1992). The results for both countries are contrasted to the predictions of the Alligham-Sandmo model, whose basic assumption is that the probability of being detected cheating taxes is exogenous and independent of the level and type of income reported. Specifically, in both experiments, increasing the probability of audit always increases compliance; higher penalty rates are ineffective to increase compliance; there is a negative relationship between tax rates and compliance; but there was free riding in the public goods sessions in Mexico, even when the government is efficient providing them.// Este trabajo presenta datos experimentales de los determinantes del cumplimiento del pago de impuestos en México, y los compara con los resultados de un experimento realizado en los Estados Unidos presentado por Alm, Jackson y McKee (1992). Los resultados de ambos países son comparados con las predicciones del modelo de Alligham-Sandmo, cuyo supuesto principal es que la probabilidad enfrentar una auditoría es exógena e independiente del monto y tipo de ingreso informado. Específicamente, en ambos experimentos, el aumento en la probabilidad de enfrentar una auditoria incrementa el pago de los impuestos; mayores multas son inefectivas; existe una relación negativa entre las tasas impositivas y el pago de los impuestos; pero el problema del gorrón (free rider) se presenta en México en las sesiones de bienes públicos aun cuando el gobierno es eficiente en la provisión de estos bienes.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXXIII (4) (2006)
Issue (Month): 292 (octubre-diciembre)
Pages: 863-880

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:73:y:2006:i:292:p:863-880

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Web page: http://www.fondodeculturaeconomica.com/

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Postal: Order print issues directly in our web page or with Guadalupe Galicia at Fondo de Cultura Económica, El Trimestre Económico, Carretera Picacho Ajusco 227, 6° piso,Col. Bosques del Pedregal, CP 14738, Tlalpan, Distrito Federal, México
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Keywords: tax compliance; experiments; public goods; cumplimiento de los impuestos; experimentos; bienes públicos;

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References

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  1. James M. Poterba, 1987. "Tax Evasion and Capital Gains Taxation," Working papers 436, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  2. Baldry, Jonathan C, 1987. "Income Tax Evasion and the Tax Schedule: Some Experimental Results," Public Finance = Finances publiques, , vol. 42(3), pages 357-83.
  3. Isaac, R. Mark & McCue, Kenneth F. & Plott, Charles R., . "Public Goods Provision in an Experimental Environment," Working Papers 428, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
  4. Clotfelter, Charles T, 1983. "Tax Evasion and Tax Rates: An Analysis of Individual Returns," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 65(3), pages 363-73, August.
  5. Oliver Kim & Mark Walker, 1984. "The free rider problem: Experimental evidence," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 3-24, January.
  6. Slemrod, Joel B, 1985. "An Empirical Test for Tax Evasion," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(2), pages 232-38, May.
  7. Alm, James & Jackson, Betty R. & McKee, Michael, 1993. "Fiscal exchange, collective decision institutions, and tax compliance," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 285-303, December.
  8. Bosco, Luigi & Mittone, Luigi, 1997. "Tax Evasion and Moral Constraints: Some Experimental Evidence," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(3), pages 297-324.
  9. Dubin, Jeffrey A. & Wilde, Louis L., 1988. "An Empirical Analysis of Federal Income Tax Auditing and Compliance," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 41(1), pages 61-74, March.
  10. Spicer, Michael W. & Hero, Rodney E., 1985. "Tax evasion and heuristics : A research note," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 263-267, March.
  11. Crane, Steven E & Nourzad, Farrokh, 1986. "Inflation and Tax Evasion: An Empirical Analysis," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 68(2), pages 217-23, May.
  12. Alm, James & McClelland, Gary H. & Schulze, William D., 1992. "Why do people pay taxes?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 21-38, June.
  13. Smith, Vernon L, 1982. "Microeconomic Systems as an Experimental Science," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(5), pages 923-55, December.
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