Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

La brecha salarial y la teoría de igualdad de oportunidades. Un estudio de género para el caso mexicano

Contents:

Author Info

  • Mayer Foulkes, David

    (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas)

  • Cordourier Real, Gabriela

    (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas)

Abstract

In this article we set out a methodology for defining compensation policies to reduce inequities according to the theory of the equality of opportunities. We expand Roemer’s approach by studying the determinants of income to find the most efficient compensation policies. We apply this methodology to the wage gap between genders in Mexico, using quantile regressions through different income levels. By decomposing the gender gap we show that it is not efficient to apply a homogenous compensation policy trough different income levels to attain equality of opportunities. We find that in the lowest it is men who are subject to a discrimination of approximately 12% that is due mainly to educational deficiencies. In deciles 3 to 9 women experiment a discrimination which implies receiving between 15% and 18% less that equally qualified men. Women who work are better educated that men, so that a compensation policy based on increasing their educational endowment is not appropriate. Policies lessening discrimination and equalizing women’s opportunities must diminish cultural and institucional prejudices, as well as the economic impact of specifically female biological and social roles.// En este artículo planteamos un esquema para definir políticas de compensación que persigan objetivos de equidad con los criterios de la teoría de igualdad de oportunidades. Ampliamos una propuesta de Roemer, estudiando los determinantes del salario para encontrar las políticas de compensación más eficientes. Aplicamos esta metodología al caso de la brecha salarial entre mujeres y hombres para el caso de México. Seguimos el método econométrico de regresión de cuantiles por medio de los diferentes niveles de ingreso. Mediante la descomposición de la brecha salarial se demuestra que la aplicación de una política homogénea para poblaciones con distintos salarios no es la opción más eficiente para alcanzar la igualdad de oportunidades. Encontramos que en el decil más bajo los hombres son objeto de discriminación de casi 12% que se debe sobre todo a sus deficiencias educativas, mientras que en los deciles 3 a 9 las mujeres experimentan una discriminación que implica recibir entre el 15 y 18% menos de lo que recibirían hombres igualmente calificados. Las mujeres que trabajan cuentan con mayor escolaridad que los hombres, por lo que una política de compensación basada en acervos educativos no es idónea. Las políticas que disminuyan la discriminación e igualen las oportunidades de la mujer deben reducir los prejuicios culturales e institucionales, así como el efecto económico de los papeles biológicos y sociales específicamente femeninos.

Download Info

To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXVIII (1) (2001)
Issue (Month): 269 (enero-marzo)
Pages: 71-107

as in new window
Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:68:y:2001:i:269:p:71-107

Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.fondodeculturaeconomica.com/

Order Information:
Postal: Order print issues directly in our web page or with Guadalupe Galicia at Fondo de Cultura Económica, El Trimestre Económico, Carretera Picacho Ajusco 227, 6° piso,Col. Bosques del Pedregal, CP 14738, Tlalpan, Distrito Federal, México
Email:
Web: http://www.eltrimestreeconomico.com/

Related research

Keywords:

References

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Aguayo, Ernesto & Chapa, Joana & Rangel, Erick & Treviño, Lourdes & Valero-Gil, Jorge, 2007. "Gender-bias in Education Opportunities for Population Aged 12-18 in Mexico: 1992-2004," MPRA Paper 3561, University Library of Munich, Germany.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:68:y:2001:i:269:p:71-107. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rosa María González Mejía).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.