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Los activos de los pobres en el Perú

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Author Info

  • Escobal, Javier

    (Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo)

  • Saavedra, Jaime

    (Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo)

  • Torero, Máximo

    (Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo)

Abstract

The document analyzes the possession and access to assets on the part of the poor in Perú. It is found that during the last ten years the average level of access to education increased while and inequality of access to this asset decreased. The access to other public services has also increased, though the inequality levels are still very high. The same happens with the access to credit and other assets that can serve as collateral. The econometric analysis shows a positive effect of the access to public assets on the profitability of key private assets like education and land, evidencing the role of the provisions of publics services and infrastructure as a mechanism for boosting the profitability of private assets. It is also found that changes in assets tenure are not sufficient to explain transitions toward and outside poverty, though they are crucial to explain the permanency in poverty or the permanency out of this state.// El documento analiza la posesión y acceso a activos por parte de los pobres en el Perú. Se encuentra que durante los pasados diez años ha aumentado el nivel promedio y se ha reducido la desigualdad en el acceso a la educación. El acceso a otros servicios públicos aumentó, aunque la desigualdad es todavía muy elevada. Lo mismo sucede con el acceso al crédito y otros activos colaterales. El análisis econométrico muestra un efecto positivo de la tenencia y acceso a activos públicos en el redimiento de la educación y de la tierra, evidenciando el papel de la provisión de servicios públicos e infraestructura como mecanismo para potenciar la rentabilidad de los activos privados. Se observa también que los cambios en la tenencia de activos no son suficientes para explicar las transiciones hacia y fuera de la pobreza, aunque son fundamentales para explicar la permanencia en la pobreza o la permanencia fuera de ésta.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Fondo de Cultura Económica in its journal El Trimestre Económico.

Volume (Year): LXVI (3) (1999)
Issue (Month): 263 (Julio-septiembre)
Pages: 619-659

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Handle: RePEc:elt:journl:v:66:y:1999:i:263:p:619-659

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References

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  1. Bruno, Michael & Ravallion, Martin & Squire, Lyn, 1996. "Equity and growth in developing countries : old and new perspectives on the policy issues," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1563, The World Bank.
  2. Javier Escobal & Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví & Máximo Torero, 1999. "Los activos de los pobres en el Perú," IDB Publications 7601, Inter-American Development Bank.
  3. D. McFadden & J. Hausman, 1981. "Specification Tests for the Multinominal Logit Model," Working papers 292, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  4. Adolfo Figueroa & Richard Webb, 1975. "La distribución del ingreso en el Perú," Libros de otras editoriales, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, edition 1, number otr-1975-01.
  5. Datt, Gaurav, 1998. "Computational tools for poverty measurement and analysis," FCND discussion papers 50, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  6. Ravallion, M. & Datt, G., 1991. "Growth and Redistribution Components of Changes in Poverty Measures," Papers 83, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
  7. Javier Escobal & Marco Castillo del Castillo, 1994. "Sesgos en la medición de la inflación en contextos inflacionarios: El caso peruano," Documentos de Investigación dt21, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví, 1998. "¿Crisis real o crisis de expectativas? El empleo en el Perú antes y después de las reformas estructurales," Research Department Publications 4149, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  2. Gordillo, Gustavo & Winters, Paul C. & Corral, Leonardo, 2000. "Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in Latin America and the Caribbean," Working Papers 12900, University of New England, School of Economics.
  3. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví, 1998. "Real Crisis or Crisis of Expectations? Employment in Peru Before and After the Structural Reforms," Research Department Publications 4148, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  4. Máximo Torero & Javier Escobal, 2000. "Does Geography Explain Differences in Economic Growth in Peru?," Research Department Publications 3103, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  5. Jackeline Velazco & Vicente Pinilla, 2012. "Peasant households' acces to land and income diversification. The Peruvian-andean case 1998-2000," Documentos de Trabajo de la Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria 1205, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria.
  6. Escobal, Javier & Torero, Maximo, 2003. "Adverse Geography and Differences in Welfare in Peru," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  7. Escobal, Javier & Saavedra, Jaime & Torero, Máximo, 1999. "Los activos de los pobres en el Perú," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(263), pages 619-659, Julio-sep.
  8. Viviane Azevedo & Cesar Bouillon, 2009. "Social Mobility in Latin America: A Review of Existing Evidence," Research Department Publications 4634, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  9. Winters, Paul C. & Corral, Leonardo & Gordillo, Gustavo, 2001. "Rural Livelihood Strategies and Social Capital in Latin America: Implications for Rural Development Projects," Working Papers 12947, University of New England, School of Economics.
  10. World Bank, 2005. "Peru : Opportunities for All, Peru Poverty Assessment," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8809, The World Bank.
  11. Javier Escobal & Máximo Torero, 2005. "Measuring the Impact of Asset Complementarities: The Case of Rural Peru," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 42(125), pages 137-164.
  12. Patricia Justino & Julie Litchfield & Laurence Whitehead, 2003. "The Impact of Inequality in Latin America," PRUS Working Papers 21, Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex.
  13. Escobal, Javier, 2001. "The Determinants of Nonfarm Income Diversification in Rural Peru," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 497-508, March.

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