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Expanding Product Variety and Human Capital Formation in an Ageing Economy

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  • H Noda
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    Abstract

    Population ageing is a significant demographic phenomenon facing many countries. The present paper aims to ascertain the relationship between population ageing and macroeconomic performance, within the framework of an economic growth model endogenously incorporating innovation and human capital. Consequently, the present model implies that the rate of innovation and the ratio of skilled to unskilled workers would decline over the long run as populations aged further, because of increases in life expectancy. The present model also suggests that, in general, the effect of changes in the retirement age on the rate of innovation and the ratio of skilled to unskilled workers is inconclusive.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Economic Issues in its journal Economic Issues.

    Volume (Year): 12 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 2 (September)
    Pages: 83-103

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    Handle: RePEc:eis:articl:207noda

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    Web page: http://www.economicissues.org.uk
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    1. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker Than Others?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 114(1), pages 83-116, February.
    2. Futagami, Koichi & Nakajima, Tetsuya, 2001. "Population Aging and Economic Growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 31-44, January.
    3. Colm Harmon & Hessel Oosterbeek & Ian Walker, 2003. "The Returns to Education: Microeconomics," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(2), pages 115-156, 04.
    4. Paul Romer, 1989. "Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3210, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Rowena A. Pecchenino & Patricia S. Pollard, 1995. "The effects of annuities, bequests, and aging in an overlapping generations model of endogenous growth," Working Papers 1995-008, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    6. Papageorgiou, Chris & Perez-Sebastian, Fidel, 2006. "Dynamics in a non-scale R&D growth model with human capital: Explaining the Japanese and South Korean development experiences," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 901-930, June.
    7. Zhang, Junsen & Zhang, Jie & Lee, Ronald, 2001. "Mortality decline and long-run economic growth," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(3), pages 485-507, June.
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