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Career Duration a Competitive Environment: The Labor Market for Soccer Players in Germany

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Author Info

  • Bernd Frick

    ()
    (University of Paderborn)

  • Gunnar Pietzner

    (WItten-Herdecke University)

  • Joachim Prinz

    (University of Paderborn)

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    Abstract

    Using detailed information on every single player who appeared in at least one match in the history of the first division in German soccer between 1963/64 and 2002/03 we study the determinants of individual career duration. Although team characteristics and changes in the institutional environment have a statistically significant impact, it is the players’ individual performance that counts: Player age, number of matches played, goals scored as well as player position have a significant impact on the individual’s probability of being terminated.

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    File URL: http://college.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume33/V33N3P429_442.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Eastern Economic Association in its journal Eastern Economic Journal.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 3 (Summer)
    Pages: 429-442

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    Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:33:y:2007:i:3:p:429-442

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    1. Feess, Eberhard & Frick, Bernd & Muehlheusser, Gerd, 2004. "Legal Restrictions on Buyout Fees: Theory and Evidence from German Soccer," IZA Discussion Papers 1180, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Rosen, Sherwin & Sanderson, Allen, 2001. "Labour Markets in Professional Sports," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(469), pages F47-68, February.
    3. Yasushi Ohkusa, 2001. "An Empirical Examination of the Quit Behavior of Professional Baseball Players in Japan," Journal of Sports Economics, , , vol. 2(1), pages 80-88, February.
    4. Peter A. Groothuis & J. Richard Hill, 2004. "Exit Discrimination in the NBA: A Duration Analysis of Career Length," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, Western Economic Association International, vol. 42(2), pages 341-349, April.
    5. Kiefer, Nicholas M, 1988. "Economic Duration Data and Hazard Functions," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 646-79, June.
    6. Atkinson, Scott E & Tschirhart, John, 1986. "Flexible Modelling of Time to Failure in Risky Careers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 68(4), pages 558-66, November.
    7. Peter Antonioni & John Cubbin, 2000. "The Bosman Ruling and the Emergence of a Single Market in Soccer Talent," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 157-173, March.
    8. Stefan Szymanski, 2000. "A Market Test for Discrimination in the English Professional Soccer Leagues," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(3), pages 590-603, June.
    9. Roger Noll, 2002. "The Economics of Promotion and Relegation in Sports Leagues: The Cases of English Football," Journal of Sports Economics, , , vol. 3(2), pages 169-203, May.
    10. Lawrence M. Kahn, 2000. "The Sports Business as a Labor Market Laboratory," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 75-94, Summer.
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    Cited by:
    1. Helmut Dietl & Egon Franck & Markus Lang, 2006. "Why football players may benefit from the "shadow of the transfer system"," Working Papers, University of Zurich, Center for Research in Sports Administration (CRSA) 0013, University of Zurich, Center for Research in Sports Administration (CRSA), revised 2007.
    2. Roberto Antonietti, 2008. "Il ruolo economico dell’arbitro di calcio: una rassegna della letteratura e alcune questioni aperte," Rivista di Diritto ed Economia dello Sport, Centro di diritto e business dello Sport, Centro di diritto e business dello Sport, vol. 4(3), pages 75-103, Dicembre.
    3. Ryan Rodenberg & Daniel Stone, 2011. "The Short and Long-Run Labor Market Effects of Age Eligibility Rules: Evidence from Women’s Professional Tennis," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 181-198, June.
    4. Frick, Bernd, 2012. "Die Entlohnung von Fußball-Profis: Ist die vielfach kritisierte 'Gehaltsexplosion' ökonomisch erklärbar?," Edition HWWI: Chapters, in: Sport und Sportgroßveranstaltungen in Europa - zwischen Zentralstaat und Regionen, pages 79-110 Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).
    5. Egon Franck & Stephan Nüesch & Jan Pieper, 2011. "Specific Human Capital as a Source of Superior Team Performance," Schmalenbach Business Review (sbr), LMU Munich School of Management, LMU Munich School of Management, vol. 63(4), pages 376-392, October.
    6. Marcel-Cristian Voia & Mihailo Radoman, 2013. "Youth Training Programs and their Impact on Career and Spell Duration of Professional Soccer Players," Carleton Economic Papers, Carleton University, Department of Economics 13-01, Carleton University, Department of Economics.
    7. Helmut Dietl & Rodney Fort & Markus Lang, 2011. "International Sports League Comparisons," Working Papers, University of Zurich, Center for Research in Sports Administration (CRSA) 0042, University of Zurich, Center for Research in Sports Administration (CRSA).

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