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An Economic Analysis of Hate Crime

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Author Info

  • Lewis R. Gale

    ()
    (Department of Economics and Finance, University of Louisiania, Lafayette)

  • Will Carrington Heath

    (University of Louisiana at Lafayette)

  • Rand W. Ressler

    (University of Louisiana at Lafayette)

Abstract

Utilizing an established economic framework grounded in Becker's (1981) path-breaking analysis of altruism and envy within the family, this paper explores the determinants of hate crimes, also known as bias-motivated crimes. Making use of a unique data set on hate crimes compiled by the FBI, we estimate the determinants of hate crimes across states using both random- and fixed-effects approaches. While there are limitations in the use of bias-motivation crime data in empirical analysis, we find statistical significance between the incidence of hate crime and several economic and socioeconomic variables. Most notably, among non-South states, a higher hate crime rate is associated with higher abuse rates, higher unemployment rates, and greater parity of black and white incomes.

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File URL: http://college.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume28/V28N2P203_216.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Eastern Economic Association in its journal Eastern Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 28 (2002)
Issue (Month): 2 (Spring)
Pages: 203-216

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Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:28:y:2002:i:2:p:203-216

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Postal: c/o Dr. Alexandre Olbrecht, The Anisfield School of Business 205, Ramapo College, 505 Ramapo Valley Road, Ramapo, New Jersey 07430, USA
Phone: (201) 684-7346
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Web page: http://www.ramapo.edu/eea/journal.html
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Related research

Keywords: Bias; Crime;

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References

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  1. Sjoquist, David Lawrence, 1973. "Property Crime and Economic Behavior: Some Empirical Results," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 439-46, June.
  2. Ehrlich, Isaac, 1973. "Participation in Illegitimate Activities: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 521-65, May-June.
  3. Zhang, Junsen, 1997. "The Effect of Welfare Programs on Criminal Behavior: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 35(1), pages 120-37, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Li Gan & Roberton C. Williams Iii & Thomas Wiseman, 2011. "A Simple Model Of Optimal Hate Crime Legislation," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 49(3), pages 674-684, 07.
  2. Sean Mulholland, 2013. "White supremacist groups and hate crime," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 157(1), pages 91-113, October.
  3. Mulholland, Sean E., 2011. "Hate Source: White Supremacist Hate Groups and Hate Crime," MPRA Paper 28861, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Chor Foon Tang, 2011. "An exploration of dynamic relationship between tourist arrivals, inflation, unemployment and crime rates in Malaysia," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 38(1), pages 50-69, December.
  5. Jason Chan & Anindya Ghose & Robert Seamans, 2013. "The Internet and Hate Crime: Offline Spillovers from Online Access," Working Papers 13-02, NET Institute.

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