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Gender in Transition: The Case of North Korea

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  • Haggard, Stephan
  • Noland, Marcus

Abstract

This paper uses survey data to examine the experience of women in North Korea’s economic transition. Women have been shed from state-affiliated employment and thrust into a market environment characterized by weak institutions and corruption. More than one-third of men indicate that criminality and corruption is the best way to make money, and 95% of female traders report paying bribes. The increasingly male-dominated state preys on the increasingly female-dominated market. Energies are directed toward survival and this population appears to lack the tools to act collectively to improve their status.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305750X12001714
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 41 (2013)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 51-66

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:41:y:2013:i:c:p:51-66

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

Related research

Keywords: gender; transition; refugees; North Korea;

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