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Rural Poverty Dynamics in Kenya: Structural Declines and Stochastic Escapes

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  • Radeny, Maren
  • van den Berg, Marrit
  • Schipper, Rob
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    Abstract

    We use panel survey data and household event-histories to explore patterns of rural poverty dynamics in Kenya over the period 2000–2009. We find substantial mobility across poverty categories using economic transition matrices. Drawing on asset-based approaches, we distinguish stochastic from structural poverty transitions. Few households successfully escaped poverty through asset accumulation (up to 35% of the upwardly mobile), while a large proportion of households (up to 66%) declining into poverty experienced structural transitions. Using household event-histories, we find significant differences across structural poverty transition classes in livelihood strategies, household-level shocks, and other factors.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 8 ()
    Pages: 1577-1593

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:8:p:1577-1593

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

    Related research

    Keywords: poverty; livelihood assets; mixed methods; sub-Saharan Africa; Kenya;

    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Tilman Brück & Damir Esenaliev & Antje Kroeger & Alma Kudebayeva & Bakhrom Mirkasimov & Susan Steiner, 2012. "Household Survey Data for Research on Well-Being and Behavior in Central Asia," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1257, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.

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