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Does Foreign Aid Increase Foreign Direct Investment?

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  • Selaya, Pablo
  • Sunesen, Eva Rytter

Abstract

We examine the idea that aid and foreign direct investment (FDI) are complementary sources of foreign capital. We argue that the relationship between aid and FDI is theoretically ambiguous: aid raises the marginal productivity of capital when used to finance complementary inputs (like public infrastructure and human capital investments), but aid may crowd out private investments when it comes in the shape of pure physical capital transfers. Empirically, we find that aid invested in complementary inputs draws in FDI, while aid invested in physical capital crowds it out. The paper shows that the composition of aid matters for its overall level of efficiency.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 40 (2012)
Issue (Month): 11 ()
Pages: 2155-2176

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:11:p:2155-2176

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

Related research

Keywords: development aid; foreign direct investment (FDI); foreign capital for development; aid effectiveness;

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References

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  1. Easterly, William & Levine, Ross, 1997. "Africa's Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 112(4), pages 1203-50, November.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Henri Bezuidenhout, 2009. "A Regional Perspective on Aid and FDI in Southern Africa," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer, vol. 15(3), pages 310-321, August.
  2. Andreas Fuchs & Axel Dreher & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2012. "Determinants of Donor Generosity: A Survey of the Aid Budget Literature," Kiel Working Papers 1789, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  3. Katarína Čulková & Katarína Teplická, 2013. "Contribution Of Foreign Direct Investment For The Region Development," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1, pages 19-27, February.
  4. Carro, Martha & Larrú, José María, 2010. "Flowing Together or Flowing Apart: An Analysis of the Relation between FDI and ODA Flows to Argentina and Brazil," MPRA Paper 25064, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. T. Bhavan & Changsheng Xu & Chunping Zhong, 2011. "Growth effect of foreign aid and volatility in South Asia," International Journal of Development Issues, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 10(3), pages 204-213, September.
  6. Kang, Sung Jin & Lee, Hongshik & Park, Bokyeong, 2011. "Does Korea follow Japan in foreign aid? Relationships between aid and foreign investment," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 19-27, January.

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