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Fiscal Redistribution and Income Inequality in Latin America

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Author Info

  • Goñi, Edwin
  • Humberto López, J.
  • Servén, Luis

Abstract

Summary This paper documents and compares the redistributive performance of Latin American and Western European fiscal systems. Three main conclusions emerge: (i) taxes and transfers widen the difference in income inequality between the two country groups, because (ii) the redistributive impact of the fiscal system is very large in Europe and very small in Latin America; and (iii) where fiscal redistribution is significant, it is achieved mostly through transfers rather than taxes. While the priorities of pro-equity fiscal reforms vary across Latin American countries, overall the prospects for major fiscal redistribution lie mainly in raising the volume of resources available for transfers, and improving their targeting, rather than increasing the progressivity of Latin America's tax systems.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 39 (2011)
Issue (Month): 9 (September)
Pages: 1558-1569

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:39:y:2011:i:9:p:1558-1569

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

Related research

Keywords: fiscal redistribution income inequality fiscal reform;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Leonardo Gasparini & Guillermo Cruces & Leopoldo Tornarolli & Mariana Marchionni, 2009. "A Turning Point? Recent Developments on Inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0081, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  2. Kendrick, Neil, 2013. "Educação para todos –“free to those who can afford it”: human capital and inequality persistence in 21st c Brazil," MPRA Paper 49531, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Rafael Rofman & María Laura Olivieri, 2012. "Un repaso sobre las políticas de protección social y la distribución del ingreso en Argentina," Económica, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 0, pages 97-128, January-D.
  4. Fairfield, Tasha, 2013. "Going Where the Money Is: Strategies for Taxing Economic Elites in Unequal Democracies," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 42-57.
  5. Erik Alencar de Figueiredo & Cleiton Roberto da Fonseca Silva, 2012. "Fairness and Income Redistribution- an Analysis of the Latin American Tax System," Série Textos para Discussão (Working Papers) 4, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia - PPGE, Universidade Federal da Paraíba.
  6. Richard M. Bird & Eric M. Zolt, 2013. "Taxation and Inequality in the Americas: Changing the Fiscal Contract?," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1315, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  7. Facundo Alvaredo & Leonardo Gasparini, 2013. "Recent Trends in Inequality and Poverty in Developing Countries," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0151, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  8. World Bank, 2008. "Uruguay : Poverty and Social Impact Assessment of the Tax Reform," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7890, The World Bank.
  9. Birdsall, Nancy & Lustig, Nora & Meyer, Christian J., 2014. "The Strugglers: The New Poor in Latin America?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 132-146.
  10. Sergei Soares & Fernando Gaiger Silveira & Claudio Hamilton dos Santos & Fábio Monteiro Vaz & André Luis Souza, 2009. "O Potencial Distributivo do Imposto de Rendapessoa Física (IRPF)," Discussion Papers 1433, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.

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