Growing out of Poverty: Trends and Patterns of Urban Poverty in China 1988-2002
AbstractSummary This paper estimates trends in absolute poverty in urban China using the Chinese Household Income Project surveys. Poverty incidence curves are plotted, showing lower poverty in 2002 than in 1988 irrespective of the poverty line chosen. Incomes of the poorest fell during 1988-95, contributing to a rise in inequality. However, inequality has been fairly constant thereafter. Models of the determination of income and poverty reveal widening differentials by education, sex, and Communist Party membership. Income from government anti-poverty programs has little impact on poverty, which has fallen almost entirely due to overall economic growth rather than redistribution.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.
Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
Issue (Month): 5 (May)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev
poverty inequality economic growth welfare Asia China;
Other versions of this item:
- Appleton, Simon & Song, Lina & Xia, Qingjie, 2008. "Growing out of poverty: trends and patterns of urban poverty in China 1988–2002," MPRA Paper 8346, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Apr 2008.
- Appleton, Simon & Song, Lina & Xia, Qingjie, 2008. "Growing out of Poverty: Trends and Patterns of Urban Poverty in China 1988–2002," IZA Discussion Papers 3459, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- O38 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
- J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
- J70 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - General
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