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The Demand for Crop Genetic Resources: International Use of the US National Plant Germplasm System

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  • Smale, M.
  • Day-Rubenstein, K.

Abstract

In contrast to a perception that ex situ collections of germplasm are rarely used, this empirical case study reveals large quantities of germplasm samples distributed by the U.S. National Germplasm System to many types of scientific institutions located in numerous countries around the world. Distributions favor developing countries in several ways including the numbers of samples shipped, utilization rates in crop breeding programs, and the secondary benefits brought about through sharing this germplasm with other scientists. Expected future demand is also greater among scientists in developing countries. These findings underscore the importance to global science and technology of retaining such resources in the public domain.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 30 (2002)
Issue (Month): 9 (September)
Pages: 1639-1655

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:30:y:2002:i:9:p:1639-1655

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

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  1. Duvick, Donald N., 1992. "Plant Breeding In The 21st Century," Choices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 7(4).
  2. Wright, Brian D., 1997. "Crop genetic resource policy: the role of ex situ genebanks," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 41(1), March.
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Cited by:
  1. Brush, Stephen B., 2005. "Farmers' rights and protection of traditional agricultural knowledge:," CAPRi working papers 36, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Brush, Stephen B., 2007. "Farmers' Rights and Protection of Traditional Agricultural Knowledge," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 1499-1514, September.

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