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Short-run and long-run policies for increasing bicycle transportation for daily commuter trips


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  • Noland, Robert B
  • Kunreuther, Howard


Long-run and short-run policies to increase the share of bicycle transportation for commuting to and from work are discussed. Analyses of data collected in the Philadelphia metropolitan area show that two general approaches can be taken to promote bicycle transportation. One is a set of policies geared to making bicycling safer and more convenient, essentially short-run 'pro-bike' policies. The other set is aimed at reducing the convenience of automobile commuting. This is an 'anti-auto' policy which can only be implemented in the long run. Since much of the sample had no choice but to commute by automobile, the impact of this constraint on the policy options is examined. In the long run it is assumed that commuters will have the choice of at least two modes by adjusting the distance between home and work locations. Specific proposals are discussed to implement some of the policies considered.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transport Policy.

Volume (Year): 2 (1995)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 67-79

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Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:2:y:1995:i:1:p:67-79

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Cited by:
  1. Arne R. Hole & Felix R. FitzRoy, 2003. "Commuting in small towns in rural areas: the case of St Andrews," Urban/Regional, EconWPA 0312001, EconWPA, revised 12 Apr 2004.
  2. Hopkinson, P & Wardman, M, 1996. "Evaluating the demand for new cycle facilities," Transport Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 241-249, October.
  3. Ortúzar, Juan de Dios & Iacobelli, Andrés & Valeze, Claudio, 2000. "Estimating demand for a cycle-way network," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 353-373, June.
  4. Sungyop Kim & Gudmundur Ulfarsson, 2008. "Curbing automobile use for sustainable transportation: analysis of mode choice on short home-based trips," Transportation, Springer, Springer, vol. 35(6), pages 723-737, November.
  5. Wardman, Mark & Tight, Miles & Page, Matthew, 2007. "Factors influencing the propensity to cycle to work," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 339-350, May.
  6. Santos, Georgina & Behrendt, Hannah & Teytelboym, Alexander, 2010. "Part II: Policy instruments for sustainable road transport," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 46-91.
  7. Hyochul Park & Yong Lee & Hee Shin & Keemin Sohn, 2011. "Analyzing the time frame for the transition from leisure-cyclist to commuter-cyclist," Transportation, Springer, Springer, vol. 38(2), pages 305-319, March.
  8. Wardman, Mark & Hatfield, Richard & Page, Matthew, 1997. "The UK national cycling strategy: can improved facilities meet the targets?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 123-133, April.
  9. Ralph Buehler & John Pucher, 2012. "Cycling to work in 90 large American cities: new evidence on the role of bike paths and lanes," Transportation, Springer, Springer, vol. 39(2), pages 409-432, March.
  10. Zachary Shahan, 2007. "The Relationship between Bicycling Facilities and Bicycle Travel: A Comparative Study in the United States and the Netherlands," NEURUS papers, NEURUS - Network of European and US Regional and Urban Studies neurusp107, NEURUS - Network of European and US Regional and Urban Studies.
  11. Li, Zhibin & Wang, Wei & Yang, Chen & Jiang, Guojun, 2013. "Exploring the causal relationship between bicycle choice and trip chain pattern," Transport Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 170-177.
  12. Noland, Robert B., 2013. "From theory to practice in road safety policy: Understanding risk versus mobility," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 71-84.
  13. Sælensminde, Kjartan, 2004. "Cost-benefit analyses of walking and cycling track networks taking into account insecurity, health effects and external costs of motorized traffic," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 593-606, October.
  14. Eva Heinen & Kees Maat & Bert Wee, 2013. "The effect of work-related factors on the bicycle commute mode choice in the Netherlands," Transportation, Springer, Springer, vol. 40(1), pages 23-43, January.
  15. Lovelace, R. & Beck, S.B.M. & Watson, M. & Wild, A., 2011. "Assessing the energy implications of replacing car trips with bicycle trips in Sheffield, UK," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 2075-2087, April.


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