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Driving licenses based on points systems: Efficient road safety strategy or latest fashion in global transport policy? A worldwide meta-analysis

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  • Castillo-Manzano, José I.
  • Castro-Nuño, Mercedes
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    Abstract

    One of the most popular coactive measures developed to prevent road traffic accidents in recent decades is the implementation of driving licenses based on points systems (PS) which penalize repeat offenders with suspension or withdrawal of their licenses. This paper analyzes their rapid spread worldwide through an in-depth review of the existing literature. A comprehensive meta-analysis of the effects of PS on road traffic accidents and the duration of these effects has been conducted. The findings show that the strong initial positive impact (15 to 20% reductions in accidents, fatalities and injuries) seems to wear off in under eighteen months. This limited effectiveness is related to the absence of complementary enforcement to back up these measures. Without them, points systems could turn into a boomerang road safety policy, and even be abandoned at a later date. The implications of the conclusions for legislation and future research are considered.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transport Policy.

    Volume (Year): 21 (2012)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 191-201

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:21:y:2012:i:c:p:191-201

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    Keywords: Road safety; Driving license; Point-record systems; Meta-analysis approach;

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    Cited by:
    1. Mercedes Castro-Nuno & Jose I. Castillo-Manzano & Xavier Fageda, 2013. "The ?Europeanization? Of The Common Road Safety Policy: An Econometric Analysis," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa13p50, European Regional Science Association.
    2. José Castillo-Manzano & Mercedes Castro-Nuño & Xavier Fageda, 2014. "Can health public expenditure reduce the tragic consequences of road traffic accidents? The EU-27 experience," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 15(6), pages 645-652, July.
    3. Daniel Albalate, 2013. "The Road against Fatalities: Infrastructure Spending vs. Regulation?," ERSA conference papers, European Regional Science Association ersa13p221, European Regional Science Association.
    4. José I. Castillo-Manzano & Mercedes Castro-Nuño & Xavier Fageda, 2014. "“Are traffic violators criminals? Searching for answers in experiences of European countries”," IREA Working Papers, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics 201415, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised May 2014.
    5. Sebri, Maamar, 2014. "Use renewables to be cleaner: Meta-analysis of the renewable energy consumption-economic growth nexus," MPRA Paper 53247, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Veisten, Knut & Stefan, Christian & Winkelbauer, Martin, 2013. "Standing in cost-benefit analysis of road safety measures: A case of speed enforcement vs. speed change," Transport Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 269-274.

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