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Home-to-work commuting, urban form and potential energy savings: A local scale approach to regional statistics

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  • Dujardin, S.
  • Pirart, F.
  • Brévers, F.
  • Marique, A.-F.
  • Teller, J.
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    Abstract

    The link between transport energy consumption and land use patterns has been the focus of a considerable amount of academic works over the past decades. While many empirical researches are backed up with solid statistical techniques, most of them do not fully consider the influence of scale underlying empirical quantitative investigations. Using fine-scale home-to-work commuting data for Wallonia (Belgium), this paper re-evaluates Breheny’s (1995) assertion that urban structure should hold the characteristics of major cities if substantial energy savings are to be achieved. A local scale approach highlights efficient settlements in terms of transport energy consumption not only within major towns, but also within remote rural areas. Furthermore, results suggest that influencing the urban form following local energy efficient examples rather than regional ones could also yield significant gains, without an extreme policy stance of re-urbanisation in major cities.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.

    Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 7 ()
    Pages: 1054-1065

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:46:y:2012:i:7:p:1054-1065

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/547/description#description

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    Keywords: Home-to-work commuting; Compact city; Potential energy savings; Modifiable areal unit problem; Wallonia; Belgium;

    References

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    1. Mindali, Orit & Raveh, Adi & Salomon, Ilan, 2004. "Urban density and energy consumption: a new look at old statistics," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 143-162, February.
    2. Boussauw, Kobe & Witlox, Frank, 2009. "Introducing a commute-energy performance index for Flanders," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 580-591, June.
    3. Cervero, Robert, 1988. "Land-Use Mixing and Suburban Mobility," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt9w56k7x8, University of California Transportation Center.
    4. Robert Cervero, 2007. "Transit-oriented development’s ridership bonus: a product of self-selection and public policies," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 39(9), pages 2068-2085, September.
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