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Dynamics of clustered employment growth and its impacts on commuting patterns in rapidly developing cities

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  • Alpkokin, Pelin
  • Cheung, Charles
  • Black, John
  • Hayashi, Yoshitsugu
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    Abstract

    Trends in suburban clustered employment growth (poly-centric development) occur large cities. Decentralized employment growth is complicated and subject to many factors. In fast growing cities of the developing world analysis is rarely undertaken when formulating master plans or spatial plans. An analytical framework of research aims, suitable techniques, and outcomes for policy analysis are described. Its practical utility to identify clusters and their dynamics is explored with available data for 1985 and 1997 for Istanbul. Impacts on commuting patterns (trip lengths, employment destination zonal preference functions and mode shares) are analyzed for each type of sub-center identified in Istanbul, and some findings contrasted with North American cities where such research into the dynamics of employment clusters has been undertaken.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.

    Volume (Year): 42 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 3 (March)
    Pages: 427-444

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:42:y:2008:i:3:p:427-444

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    1. J F McDonald & D P McMillen, 1990. "Employment subcenters and land values in a polycentric urban area: the case of Chicago," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 22(12), pages 1561-1574, December.
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    6. Robin Dubin, 1991. "Commuting Patterns and Firm Decentralization," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 67(1), pages 15-29.
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    11. McDonald, John F., 1987. "The identification of urban employment subcenters," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 242-258, March.
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    13. White, Michelle J., 1999. "Urban areas with decentralized employment: Theory and empirical work," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier, in: P. C. Cheshire & E. S. Mills (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 36, pages 1375-1412 Elsevier.
    14. Giuliano, Genevieve & Small, Kenneth A., 1999. "The Determinants of Growth of Employment Subcenters," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt06n534j0, University of California Transportation Center.
    15. R Cervero & T Rood & B Appleyard, 1999. "Tracking accessibility: employment and housing opportunities in the San Francisco Bay Area," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 31(7), pages 1259-1278, July.
    16. Henderson, Vernon & Mitra, Arindam, 1996. "The new urban landscape: Developers and edge cities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(6), pages 613-643, December.
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    Cited by:
    1. Aguiléra, Anne & Wenglenski, Sandrine & Proulhac, Laurent, 2009. "Employment suburbanisation, reverse commuting and travel behaviour by residents of the central city in the Paris metropolitan area," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 43(7), pages 685-691, August.
    2. Ari Tarigan & Stian Bayer & Christin Berg, 2011. "Suburbanisation of employment means less sustainable travel? - The effects of policy location on commuters' travel patterns in the Stavanger region, Norway," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1648, European Regional Science Association.

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