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Cordon-based congestion pricing in a continuum traffic equilibrium system

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  • Ho, H.W.
  • Wong, S.C.
  • Yang, Hai
  • Loo, Becky P.Y.
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Abstract

This paper presents an application of the continuum traffic equilibrium model for the cordon-based congestion pricing problem. The traffic equilibrium model treats densely spaced roads as a continuum over which commuters are continuously dispersed. Suppose in the morning peak-hour, all commuters travel to the central business district (CBD) by taking their individual shortest routes. Their user-optimal route choice behavior, with or without toll pricing, can be formulated as a calculus of variations problem and solved efficiently by the modern finite element method. By plotting the numerical results in a two-dimensional space in the form of contour lines of travel cost to the CBD, one can intuitively identify the level of congestion and the external cost anywhere in the city. Hence, the continuum model and two-dimensional numerical representation allow a traffic planner to select easily one or multiple toll cordon(s) in the city and evaluate the impact of cordon toll charges on the resultant social welfare and user benefits.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.

Volume (Year): 39 (2005)
Issue (Month): 7-9 ()
Pages: 813-834

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Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:39:y:2005:i:7-9:p:813-834

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References

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  1. Small, Kenneth A., 1992. "Using the Revenues from Congestion Pricing," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt32p9m3mm, University of California Transportation Center.
  2. Odeck, James & Bråthen, Svein, 2002. "Toll financing in Norway: The success, the failures and perspectives for the future," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 253-260, July.
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  10. Zhang, Xiaoning & Yang, Hai, 2004. "The optimal cordon-based network congestion pricing problem," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 38(6), pages 517-537, July.
  11. Stef Proost & Kurt Van Dender & C. Courcelle & B. De Borger & J. Peirson & D. Sharp & R. Vickerman & E. Gibbons & M. O'Mahony & Q. Heaney & J. Van den Bergh & E. Verhoef, 2001. "How large is the gap between present and efficient transport prices in Europe?," Energy, Transport and Environment Working Papers Series ete0120, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën, Energy, Transport and Environment.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ahmadi Azari, Kian & Arintono, Sulistyo & Hamid, Hussain & Rahmat, Riza Atiq O.K., 2013. "Modelling demand under parking and cordon pricing policy," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 1-9.
  2. Maruyama, Takuya & Sumalee, Agachai, 2007. "Efficiency and equity comparison of cordon- and area-based road pricing schemes using a trip-chain equilibrium model," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 41(7), pages 655-671, August.
  3. Holgui­n-Veras, Jose & Cetin, Mecit & Xia, Shuwen, 2006. "A comparative analysis of US toll policy," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 40(10), pages 852-871, December.
  4. Meng, Qiang & Liu, Zhiyuan & Wang, Shuaian, 2012. "Optimal distance tolls under congestion pricing and continuously distributed value of time," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 48(5), pages 937-957.
  5. Ho, H.W. & Wong, S.C. & Loo, Becky P.Y., 2006. "Combined distribution and assignment model for a continuum traffic equilibrium problem with multiple user classes," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 40(8), pages 633-650, September.
  6. André De Palma & Moez Kilani & Michel De Lara & Serge Piperno, 2011. "Cordon pricing in the Monocentric city model: Theory and application to Ile-de- France," Post-Print hal-00348437, HAL.
  7. Huang, Ling & Wong, S.C. & Zhang, Mengping & Shu, Chi-Wang & Lam, William H.K., 2009. "Revisiting Hughes' dynamic continuum model for pedestrian flow and the development of an efficient solution algorithm," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 127-141, January.
  8. André DE PALMA & Moez KILANI & Michel DE LARA & Serge PIPERNO, 2011. "Cordon pricing in the monocentric city: theory and application to Paris region," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2011027, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  9. Jiang, Yanqun & Wong, S.C. & Ho, H.W. & Zhang, Peng & Liu, Ruxun & Sumalee, Agachai, 2011. "A dynamic traffic assignment model for a continuum transportation system," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 343-363, February.
  10. Holgun-Veras, Jos & Cetin, Mecit, 2009. "Optimal tolls for multi-class traffic: Analytical formulations and policy implications," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 445-467, May.
  11. Liu, Tian-Liang & Huang, Hai-Jun & Yang, Hai & Zhang, Xiaoning, 2009. "Continuum modeling of park-and-ride services in a linear monocentric city with deterministic mode choice," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 43(6), pages 692-707, July.
  12. Holguín-Veras, José, 2011. "Urban delivery industry response to cordon pricing, time-distance pricing, and carrier-receiver policies in competitive markets," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 45(8), pages 802-824, October.

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