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Consequences of strategic alliances between international airlines: The case of Swissair and SAS

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  • Youssef, Waleed
  • Hansen, Mark
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    Abstract

    The impact of the SAS-Swissair strategic alliance on service quality, market concentration, and fares is assessed. Comparison of services before and after the alliance show increases in flights between the SAS and Swissair hubs, in the number of markets in which the alliance airlines offer connecting service, and in the average service frequency offered in these markets. Further, there has been an overall reduction in the layover time associated with SAS-Swissair connecting services. Impacts of market concentration include effective monopolization of nonstop services between the alliance partners' hubs and a slight reduction in concentration in markets in which the partners offer connecting service. Fares in nonstop markets served by the alliance were found to have increased relative to those in nonalliance nonstop markets, probably due to the increased concentration. Variation in service and fare impacts among alliance airports was found to correlate so that those with the strongest service increases also had the lowest fare increases. Taken as a whole, the results point to the redistributive nature of alliance impacts.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.

    Volume (Year): 28 (1994)
    Issue (Month): 5 (September)
    Pages: 415-431

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:28:y:1994:i:5:p:415-431

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    Cited by:
    1. Burton, John & Hanlon, Pat, 1994. "Airline alliances: cooperating to compete?," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 1(4), pages 209-227.
    2. Button, Kenneth, 2009. "The impact of US–EU “Open Skies†agreement on airline market structures and airline networks," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 59-71.
    3. Jan K. Brueckner & Eric Pels, 2004. "European Airline Mergers, Alliance Consolidation, and Consumer Welfare," CESifo Working Paper Series 1154, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Brueckner, Jan K., 2001. "The economics of international codesharing: an analysis of airline alliances," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 19(10), pages 1475-1498, December.
    5. Lazzarini, Sergio G., 2002. "The Performance Implications of Membership in Competing Firm Constellations: Evidence from the Global Airline Industry," Insper Working Papers wpe_23, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa.
    6. Janić, Milan, 1997. "Liberalisation of European aviation: analysis and modelling of the airline behaviour," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 167-180.
    7. Goel, A., . "Strategic Alliances in the Global Airline Industry," IIMA Working Papers WP2003-01-02, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
    8. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:12:y:2005:i:4:p:1-11 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Ming Hsin Lin, 2005. "Alliances and entry in a simple airline network," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 12(4), pages 1-11.
    10. Goh, Kevin & Uncles, Mark, 2003. "The benefits of airline global alliances: an empirical assessment of the perceptions of business travelers," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 479-497, July.
    11. Park, Jong-Hun & Zhang, Anming & Zhang, Yimin, 2001. "Analytical models of international alliances in the airline industry," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 865-886, November.
    12. Goh, Mark & Yong, Jongsay, 2006. "Impacts of code-share alliances on airline cost structure: A truncated third-order translog estimation," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 835-866, July.

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