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External effects and social costs of road transport

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  • Verhoef, Erik

Abstract

The article contains a welfare economic analysis of road transport's external effects. First, we discuss the definition of external effects. Applying this definition, it is concluded that road transport activities give rise to a wide range of external costs. However, there are no external benefits associated with individual road transport activities which might compensate for such effects. Therefore, road transport volumes will in general be beyond the optimal levels. Second, we describe a conceptual framework for the analysis of environmental external costs. It is explicitly recognized that not only the externality as such, but also the induced outlays on defensive and abatement activities should play an important role in welfare economic analyses of external effects. Then, this framework is used for the evaluation of the existing empirical work on road transport's environmental external costs (i.e., noise and air pollution). It is concluded that most of the studies carried out in that field will provide an underestimation of road transport's external costs by definition. Finally, some attention is paid to empirical estimates of road transport's accident costs.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.

Volume (Year): 28 (1994)
Issue (Month): 4 (July)
Pages: 273-287

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Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:28:y:1994:i:4:p:273-287

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Geßner, Christian & Weinreich, Sigurd, 1998. "Externe Kosten des Straßen- und Schienenverkehrslärms am Beispiel der Strecke Frankfurt - Basel," ZEW Dokumentationen 98-08, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Yiannakoulias, Nikolaos & Scott, Darren M., 2013. "The effects of local and non-local traffic on child pedestrian safety: A spatial displacement of risk," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 96-104.
  3. E.T. Verhoef & P. Nijkamp & P. Rietveld & T.R. Lakshmanan, 1997. "Benefits and Costs of Transport," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 97-084/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  4. David Levinson & David Gillen & Adib Kanafani, 1998. "A Comparison of the Social Costs of Air and Highway," Working Papers 199801, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
  5. Mouter, Niek & Annema, Jan Anne & van Wee, Bert, 2013. "Ranking the substantive problems in the Dutch Cost–Benefit Analysis practice," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 241-255.
  6. repec:dgr:uvatin:2097084 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. repec:dgr:uvatin:2096181 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Claude Abraham & Alain Bonnafous & Daniel Chabanol & Marc Chabert & Yves Crozet & Christiane Dalmais, 2000. "Péage et financement d'infrastructures en milieu urbain - Lyon, les leçons d'un périphérique. Actes du colloque, 5-6 décembre 2000, Lyon (France)," Post-Print halshs-00200161, HAL.
  9. E.T. Verhoef & P. Nijkamp & P. Rietveld & T.R. Lakshmanan, 1997. "Benefits and Costs of Transport," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 97-084/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  10. Forkenbrock, David J., 1999. "External costs of intercity truck freight transportation," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 33(7-8), pages 505-526.
  11. Delucchi, Mark A. & Hsu, Shi-Ling, 1996. "The External Damage Cost of Direct Noise From Motor Vehicles," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt8cx9j5vg, University of California Transportation Center.
  12. Thomas Bjørner, 1996. "Any need for coordination of policies towards transit traffic with a negative local externality?," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 8(2), pages 221-245, September.
  13. Chester, Mikhail & Horvath, Arpad, 2008. "Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and ," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt5670921q, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
  14. Cees Gorter & Sytze A. Rienstra, 1997. "Factors influencing the Composition of the Urban Transport System in the Year 2030 - A Panel Analysis of Experts' Opinions," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 96-181/5, Tinbergen Institute.
  15. André De Palma & Alexandre Guimard, 2014. "Urbanism, an overview," Working Papers hal-00969574, HAL.
  16. Damart, Sébastien & Roy, Bernard, 2009. "The uses of cost-benefit analysis in public transportation decision-making in France," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 200-212, August.
  17. Kulmer, Veronika & Koland, Olivia & Steininger, Karl W. & Fürst, Bernhard & Käfer, Andreas, 2014. "The interaction of spatial planning and transport policy: A regional perspective on sprawl," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 7(1), pages 57-77.
  18. repec:dgr:uvatin:1997181 is not listed on IDEAS

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