Associations of personality characteristics with transport behavior and residence location decisions
AbstractThe objective of this paper is to investigate potential associations between personality and individual travel behavior characteristics. The explorations were based on responses to a mailback household survey from individuals residing in selected Chicago suburbs conducted in spring 1989. Three dimensions of personality were examined: social introversion or extroversion, affinity for suburban living and affinity for material possessions. Personality characteristics tend to correlate well with residence location selection, automobile ownership and travel characteristics. Specifically, socially extroverted people tend to make more trips, more nonwork trips and travel substantially longer distances by automobile for nonwork trips compared with socially introverted people. Materialistic people tend to spend a larger portion of their income for automobile acquisition; they also tend to own more expensive automobiles compared with utilitarian people. More people with an affinity for suburban living tend to reside in outerring, low-density suburbs instead of innerring, high-density suburbs. Thus, personality factors improve the understanding of transport behavior. On the other hand, personality characteristics cannot be affected by policy measures, while values for personality variables are hard to gather and predict. The problem of application of models with personality variables may be solvable for current (i.e. nonforecasting) applications if people can be classified into a small number of personality classes which can be assessed by a manageable number of attitudinal statements. As this study demonstrates, this is feasible.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.
Volume (Year): 26 (1992)
Issue (Month): 5 (September)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/547/description#description
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- Junghwa Kim & Jan-Dirk Schmöcker & Cecilia Bergstad & Satoshi Fujii & Tommy Gärling, 2014. "The influence of personality on acceptability of sustainable transport policies," Transportation, Springer, vol. 41(4), pages 855-872, July.
- Bagley, Michael N, 1999. "Incorporating Residential Choice into Travel Behavior-Land Use Interaction Research: A Conceptual Model with Methodologies for Investigating Causal Relationships," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt2ws1x83f, University of California Transportation Center.
- Coogan, Matthew A. & Adler, Thomas & Karash, Karla, 2012. "The paths from walk preference to walk behavior: Applying latent factors in structural equation modeling," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 5(3), pages 68-82.
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