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Development through Sport: Building Social Capital in Disadvantaged Communities

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Author Info

  • Skinner, James
  • Zakus, Dwight H.
  • Cowell, Jacqui
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    Abstract

    Traditional delivery of sport development programs, especially at the community level, faces particular challenges under neoliberal ideology. While several issues are evident, this paper addresses only the issue of development through sport for disadvantaged communities. It reviews models where sport was employed to develop better community and citizen life outcomes and to deal with social issues previously addressed through "welfare state" processes. These new models flow out of neoliberalist state agendas to assist in fostering social inclusion and in building positive social capital in disadvantaged communities. Examples from England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Canada are analysed and the implications for the Australian context are discussed. The discussion focuses on best practice success factors such as policy and strategy, partnerships, places and spaces, community/social development, evaluation and monitoring and sustainability. The role of traditional sports clubs and local government in delivering social inclusion programs and the emerging provision of community based sport activities by community/social development organisations is detailed. The implications for sport management, in terms of community development, community sport development and sport policy, are also discussed.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1441352308701128
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Sport Management Review.

    Volume (Year): 11 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 3 (November)
    Pages: 253-275

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:11:y:2008:i:3:p:253-275

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/716936/description#description

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    Related research

    Keywords: community sport social capital policy clubs;

    References

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    1. Productivity Commission, 2003. "Social capital: reviewing the concept and its policy implications," Public Economics 0307001, EconWPA.
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    Cited by:
    1. Thomson, Alana & Darcy, Simon & Pearce, Sonya, 2010. "Ganma theory and third-sector sport-development programmes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth: Implications for sports management," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 313-330, November.
    2. Kitchin, P.J. & David Howe, P., 2013. "How can the social theory of Pierre Bourdieu assist sport management research?," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 123-134.
    3. Schulenkorf, Nico, 2012. "Sustainable community development through sport and events: A conceptual framework for Sport-for-Development projects," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 1-12.
    4. Schulenkorf, Nico, 2010. "The roles and responsibilities of a change agent in sport event development projects," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 118-128, May.
    5. Lock, Daniel & Filo, Kevin & Kunkel, Thilo & Skinner, James, 2013. "Thinking about the same things differently: Examining perceptions of a non-profit community sport organisation," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 438-450.

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