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Emerging health disparities in Botswana: Examining the situation of orphans during the AIDS epidemic


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  • Miller, Candace Marie
  • Gruskin, Sofia
  • Subramanian, S.V.
  • Heymann, Jody
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    Botswana has the second highest HIV prevalence rate and highest rate of orphanhood in the world. Although child mortality rates have doubled in 15 years, the extent to which health disparities are connected to orphan status remains unclear. We conducted an analysis of the 2000 Botswana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey to examine whether orphan-based health disparities exist. We measured health inequalities using anthropometric data among 2723 under-five year olds, nested in 1854 households, and 208 communities. We calculated multilevel logistic regression models to estimate the child, household, and regional determinants of growth failure. We found that orphaned children aged 0-4 are 49% more likely to be underweight than nonorphans (p

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.

    Volume (Year): 64 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 12 (June)
    Pages: 2476-2486

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:64:y:2007:i:12:p:2476-2486

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    Keywords: Child health AIDS Orphans Human rights Multilevel Policy Botswana;


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    Cited by:
    1. Adler, Nicole & Yazhemsky, Ekaterina & Tarverdyan, Ruzanana, 2010. "A framework to measure the relative socio-economic performance of developing countries," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 73-88, June.
    2. Kevin Thomas, 2012. "Migration, Household Configurations, and the Well-Being of Adolescent Orphans in Rwanda," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 31(4), pages 587-607, August.
    3. Rachel Goldberg & Susan Short, 2012. "“The Luggage that isn’t Theirs is Too Heavy…”: Understandings of Orphan Disadvantage in Lesotho," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 31(1), pages 67-83, February.


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