Does prenatal care increase access to child immunization? Gender bias among children in India
AbstractPrenatal care appears to serve as a trigger in increasing the chances for access to subsequent health care services. Although several previous studies have investigated this connection, none have focused specifically on how parents' behavior differs before and after learning the gender of their babies. Investigating parents' behavioral changes after the child's birth provides a quasi-natural experiment with which to test the gender discrimination hypothesis. This issue was examined here, using a rich family health survey data set from India. We find evidence for the triggering effect of prenatal care on immunization only among rural boys, but we find no compelling evidence for this effect among other sub-samples. This finding suggests two things, which are not mutually exclusive. One is that the information spillover from prenatal care has a much larger impact in rural areas, where alternative sources of information are scarce, compared with urban areas. The other is that the sex of a child is a critical factor in producing different levels of health care behavior in rural areas, where sons are favored and more valued than in urban areas.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.
Volume (Year): 63 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (July)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/315/description#description
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- Christian Bjørnskov & Axel Dreher & Justina A.V. Fischer, 2007.
"On Gender Inequality and Life Satisfaction: Does Discrimination Matter?,"
KOF Working papers
07-161, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
- BjÃ¸rnskov, Christian & Dreher, Axel & Fischer, Justina AV, 2007. "On Gender Inequality and Life Satisfaction: Does Discrimination Matter?," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 657, Stockholm School of Economics.
- Justina A.V. Fischer & Christian Bjornskov & Axel Dreher, 2007. "On Gender Inequality and Life Satisfaction: Does Discrimination Matter?," University of St. Gallen Department of Economics working paper series 2007, Department of Economics, University of St. Gallen 2007-07, Department of Economics, University of St. Gallen.
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