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Cities and population health

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  • Galea, Sandro
  • Freudenberg, Nicholas
  • Vlahov, David
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    Abstract

    A majority of the world's population will live in urban areas by 2007 and cities are exerting growing influence on the health of both urban and non-urban residents. Although there long has been substantial interest in the associations between city living and health, relatively little work has tried to understand how and why cities affect population health. This reflects both the number and complexity of determinants and of the absence of a unified framework that integrates the multiple factors that influence the health of urban populations. This paper presents a conceptual framework for studying how urban living affects population health. The framework rests on the assumption that urban populations are defined by size, density, diversity, and complexity, and that health in urban populations is a function of living conditions that are in turn shaped by municipal determinants and global and national trends. The framework builds on previous urban health research and incorporates multiple determinants at different levels. It is intended to serve as a model to guide public health research and intervention.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.

    Volume (Year): 60 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 5 (March)
    Pages: 1017-1033

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:60:y:2005:i:5:p:1017-1033

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    Related research

    Keywords: Urban Urbanization Cities Model Framework;

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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. Jan Saarela & Fjalar Finnäs, 2009. "Geographic Ancestry and Cause-specific Mortality in a National Population," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 169-194, April.
    2. Rebecca Katz & Sangeeta Mookherji & Morgan Kaminski & Vibhuti Haté & Julie E. Fischer, 2012. "Urban Governance of Disease," Administrative Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(2), pages 135-147, April.
    3. Yusuf, Shahid & Nabeshima, Kaoru & Wei Ha, 2007. "What makes cities healthy ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4107, The World Bank.
    4. Omar Fassio & Chiara Rollero & Norma Piccoli, 2013. "Health, Quality of Life and Population Density: A Preliminary Study on “Contextualized” Quality of Life," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 110(2), pages 479-488, January.
    5. Do, D. Phuong & Watkins, Daphne C. & Hiermeyer, Martin & Finch, Brian K., 2013. "The relationship between height and neighborhood context across racial/ethnic groups: A multi-level analysis of the 1999–2004 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 30-41.
    6. Chun-Hao Li & Ming-Chang Tsai, 2014. "Is the Easy Life Always the Happiest? Examining the Association of Convenience and Well-Being in Taiwan," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 117(3), pages 673-688, July.
    7. Völker, Sebastian & Kistemann, Thomas, 2013. "Reprint of: “I'm always entirely happy when I'm here!” Urban blue enhancing human health and well-being in Cologne and Düsseldorf, Germany," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 141-152.

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