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Inquiring into the temporary organization: New directions for project management research


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  • Packendorff, Johann


The theoretical field of project management (PM) can be described as a set of models and techniques for the planning and control of complex undertakings. The three main shortcomings of PM research and theory are identified as: (1) PM is seen as a general theory and a theoretical field in its own right, (2) research on PM is not sufficiently empirical, and (3) projects are seen as "tools." Instead, a diversity of theoretical perspectives should be employed in field research on "temporary organizations" in order to construct middle-range theories on different types of projects. These proposed future directions call for research on expectations, action and learning in project settings.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Scandinavian Journal of Management.

Volume (Year): 11 (1995)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 319-333

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Handle: RePEc:eee:scaman:v:11:y:1995:i:4:p:319-333

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Keywords: Project management temporary organization project organizing organization theory;


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Cited by:
  1. Alexander Budzier & Bent Flyvbjerg, 2013. "Double Whammy - How ICT Projects are Fooled by Randomness and Screwed by Political Intent," Papers 1304.4590,
  2. Weyer, Birgit, 2011. "Perspectives on optimism within the context of project management: A call for multilevel research," Working Papers 59, Institute of Management Berlin (IMB), Berlin School of Economics and Law.
  3. Galeazzo, Ambra & Furlan, Andrea & Vinelli, Andrea, 2014. "Understanding environmental-operations integration: The case of pollution prevention projects," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 149-160.
  4. Henrik Herlau & HeLge Tetzschner, 2001. "Securing Knowledge Assets in the Early Phase of Innovation," Working Papers 28/01, University of Southern Denmark, Department of Environmental and Business Economics.
  5. Engwall, Mats, 2003. "No project is an island: linking projects to history and context," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 789-808, May.
  6. Johansson, Marjana, 2003. "Performing the 50th anniversary of a Garden City: Staging time, place, and identity," Working Paper Series in Business Administration 2003:14, Stockholm School of Economics.


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