Financial shocks and exports
AbstractThis study examines empirically and theoretically how credit tightness impacts the extensive margin (variety of goods) and intensive margin (production of each existing good) of exports. Panel regressions show that worsening financial conditions discourage exports by reducing both the variety of goods exported and the export volumes of individual goods. This study also develops a DSGE model to clarify this finding, featuring financial shocks, enforcement constraint, and firm entry. In the event of a credit crunch, worsening financial conditions would reduce firm borrowing capability, forcing firms to decrease production, and thus, decrease firm profit and firm value. As exporters face larger fixed costs in production, they are more sensitive to financial constraints. Consequently, a credit crunch reduces individual firm exports and discourages potential entrants from entering the export market, which in turn decreases aggregate exports. The proposed model can also explain the phenomenon of trade decreasing more than GDP, as observed in the most recent financial crisis.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal International Review of Economics & Finance.
Volume (Year): 26 (2013)
Issue (Month): C ()
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/620165
Financial shocks; extensive margin of trade; enforcement constraint;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
- G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
- E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
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