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On the development of public transit in large cities

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  • Muñoz, Juan Carlos
  • de Grange, Louis

Abstract

This article presents a summary of the analyses and set of recommendations given by a committee of transit specialists gathered by the Minister of Transport of Chile aiming at improving Transantiago, the new transit system recently inaugurated for Santiago. This summary focuses on those recommendations directed towards improving the efficiency, service quality and sustainability of mass public transportation systems in major cities in the developing world and that could be implemented in a short term (within two years). Three broad dimensions of public transit are considered: competition and regulation; investment, financing, fares and subsidies; and the operation and use of infrastructure, design, inspection and control. Although the study grew out of the needs and characteristics of a city such as Santiago (Chile), and of the virtues and deficiencies of Transantiago, much of the analyses and recommendations could be adopted and implemented in the major cities of developed countries in Europe, North America and Asia.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Research in Transportation Economics.

Volume (Year): 29 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 379-386

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Handle: RePEc:eee:retrec:v:29:y:2010:i:1:p:379-386

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Keywords: Public transit Infrastructure Regulation Sustainable transportation;

References

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  1. Jess Gaspar & Edward Glaeser, 1996. "Information Technology and the Future of Cities," NBER Working Papers 5562, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Theodore Tsekeris & Stefan Voß, 2009. "Design and evaluation of road pricing: state-of-the-art and methodological advances," Netnomics, Springer, vol. 10(1), pages 5-52, April.
  3. Edward L. Glaeser & Janet E. Kohlhase, 2003. "Cities, Regions and the Decline of Transport Costs," NBER Working Papers 9886, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Mohring, Herbert, 1972. "Optimization and Scale Economies in Urban Bus Transportation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 591-604, September.
  5. Muñoz, Juan Carlos & Gschwender, Antonio, 2008. "Transantiago: A tale of two cities," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 45-53, January.
  6. Kerstens, K., 1996. "Technical efficiency measurement and explanation of French urban transit companies," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 431-452, November.
  7. Nicholas Crafts, 2009. "Transport infrastructure investment: implications for growth and productivity," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 25(3), pages 327-343, Autumn.
  8. J. Enrique Fernández & Juan Carlos Muñoz, 2007. "Privatisation and Deregulation of Urban Bus Services: An Analysis of Fare Evolution Mechanisms," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, London School of Economics and University of Bath, vol. 41(1), pages 25-49, January.
  9. Robert E. Lucas & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2002. "On the Internal Structure of Cities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(4), pages 1445-1476, July.
  10. Banister, David & Berechman, Joseph & De Rus, Gines, 1992. "Competitive regimes within the European bus industry: Theory and practice," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 167-178, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Finn, Brendan & Walters, Jackie, 2010. "Workshop report - Public transport markets in development," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 354-361.

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