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Global excellence at the expense of local diffusion, or a bridge between two worlds? Research in science and technology in the developing world

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  • Barnard, H.
  • Cowan, R.
  • Müller, M.

Abstract

Do world-leading researchers from developing countries contribute to upgrading locally, or do they disengage from the local context? The paper investigates the scientific collaborations of university-based science and technology researchers in the database of the South African National Research Foundation (NRF), and analyses the co-authorships of researchers who were ranked by the NRF during the 2001–2007 period. To establish the extent to which a researcher can access knowledge outside the South African academic science and technology research community, and share it inside that community, we develop a measure of ‘gatekeeping’. The evidence suggests that there is not a local/global trade-off in knowledge creation in academia in the developing world, and that the world-leading researchers in developing countries may play an especially important role as conduits of new knowledge in their country.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Research Policy.

Volume (Year): 41 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 756-769

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Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:41:y:2012:i:4:p:756-769

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/respol

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Keywords: Science and technology; Research; Upgrading; Developing country; Collaboration;

References

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