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The European university landscape: A micro characterization based on evidence from the Aquameth project


Author Info

  • Daraio, Cinzia
  • Bonaccorsi, Andrea
  • Geuna, Aldo
  • Lepori, Benedetto
  • Bach, Laurent
  • Bogetoft, Peter
  • F. Cardoso, Margarida
  • Castro-Martinez, Elena
  • Crespi, Gustavo
  • de Lucio, Ignacio Fernandez
  • Fried, Harold
  • Garcia-Aracil, Adela
  • Inzelt, Annamaria
  • Jongbloed, Ben
  • Kempkes, Gerhard
  • Llerena, Patrick
  • Matt, Mireille
  • Olivares, Maria
  • Pohl, Carsten
  • Raty, Tarmo
  • Rosa, Maria J.
  • Sarrico, Cláudia S.
  • Simar, Léopold
  • Slipersaeter, Stig
  • Teixeira, Pedro N.
  • Eeckaut, Philippe Vanden


This paper provides a new and systematic characterization of 488 universities, from 11 European countries: Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland and UK. Using micro indicators built on the integrated Aquameth database, we characterize the European university landscape according to the following dimensions: history/foundation of university, dynamics of growth, specialization pattern, subject mix, funding composition, offer profile and productivity.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Research Policy.

Volume (Year): 40 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 148-164

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Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:40:y:2011:i:1:p:148-164

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Keywords: Universities Size Growth Productivity Specialization Differentiation;


References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Bruno S. Frey & Katja Rost, 2010. "Do rankings reflect research quality?," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 0, pages 1-38, May.
  2. Bianca Pot� & Emanuela Reale, 2007. "Changing allocation models for public research funding: An empirical exploration based on project funding data," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(6), pages 417-430, July.
  3. Laura Thissen & Sjef Ederveen, 2006. "Higher education; time for coordination on a European level?," CPB Discussion Paper 68, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  4. Dundar, Halil & Lewis, Darrell R., 1995. "Departmental productivity in American universities: Economies of scale and scope," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 119-144, June.
  5. Jacobs, Bas & van der Ploeg, Frederick, 2005. "Guide to Reform of Higher Education: A European Perspective," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 5327, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Sarrico, C. S. & Dyson, R. G., 2004. "Restricting virtual weights in data envelopment analysis," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 159(1), pages 17-34, November.
  7. Frederick van der Ploeg, 2008. "Towards Evidence-based Reform of European Universities," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, CESifo, vol. 54(2), pages 99-120, June.
  8. André Sapir & Philippe Aghion & Mathias Dewatripont & Andreu Mas-Colell, 2008. "Higher aspirations: An agenda for reforming European universities," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/174284, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  9. Andrea Bonaccorsi & Cinzia Daraio & Benedetto Lepori & Stig Slipers�ter, 2007. "Indicators on individual higher education institutions: addressing data problems and comparability issues," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(2), pages 66-78, June.
  10. Scott E. Masten, 2006. "Authority and Commitment: Why Universities, Like Legislatures, Are Not Organized as Firms," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(3), pages 649-684, 09.
  11. Ehrenberg, R.G.Ronald G., 2004. "Econometric studies of higher education," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 121(1-2), pages 19-37.
  12. Marsh, L.C.Lawrence C., 2004. "The econometrics of higher education: editor's view," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 121(1-2), pages 1-18.
  13. Romina Boarini, 2008. "Investment in Tertiary Education: Main Determinants and Implications for Policy," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, CESifo, vol. 54(2), pages 277-312, June.
  14. Boarini, Romina & Strauss, Hubert & de la Maisonneuve, Christine & Nicoletti, Giuseppe & Oliveira Martins, Joaquim, 2008. "Investment in Tertiary Education : Main Determinants and Implications for Policy," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/7987, Paris Dauphine University.
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Cited by:
  1. Claudia Curi & Cinzia Daraio & Patrick Llerena, 2013. "What is the productivity change of a university TTOs system at its early stage of development? Evidence from France," DIAG Technical Reports 2013-03, Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering, Universita' degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza".
  2. Andrea Bonaccorsi & Luca Secondi & Enza Setteducati & Alessio Ancaiani, 2014. "Participation and commitment in third-party research funding: evidence from Italian Universities," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 39(2), pages 169-198, April.
  3. Daraio, Cinzia & Moed, Henk F., 2011. "Is Italian science declining?," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(10), pages 1380-1392.
  4. Claudia Curi & Cinzia Daraio & Patrick Llerena, 2012. "University Technology Transfer: How (in-)efficient are French universities?," Working Papers of BETA 2012-02, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  5. Cinzia Daraio & Andrea Bonaccorsi & Leopold Simar, 2014. "Rankings and university performance: a conditional multidimensional approach," DIAG Technical Reports 2014-09, Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering, Universita' degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza".
  6. Immaculada Vilardell Riera & Gonzalo Rodríguez-Pérez, 2011. "La adaptación al entorno de las universidades españolas," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 6, Asociación de Economía de la Educación, in: Antonio Caparrós Ruiz (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 6, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 36, pages 577-592 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.
  7. Cinzia Daraio & Giancarlo Ruocco, 2012. "An Empirical Approach to Compare the Performance of Heterogeneous Academic Fields," DIAG Technical Reports 2012-03, Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering, Universita' degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza".
  8. Andrea Bonaccorsi & Cinzia Daraio & Leopold Simar, 2014. "Efficiency and economies of scale and scope in European universities. A directional distance approach," DIAG Technical Reports 2014-08, Department of Computer, Control and Management Engineering, Universita' degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza".
  9. Wipo, 2011. "World Intellectual Property Report 2011- The Changing Face of Innovation," WIPO Economics & Statistics Series, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division, number 2011:944, April.


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