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Cap and trade policies in the presence of monopoly and distortionary taxation

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  • Fullerton, Don
  • Metcalf, Gilbert E.

Abstract

We extend a simple analytical general equilibrium model of environmental policy with pre-existing labor tax distortions to include pre-existing monopoly power as well. We solve for the endogenous net wage rate, labor supply, and monopoly profits as functions of exogenous parameters and the environmental policy shock. We use plausible parameter values to calculate the interactions of the three simultaneous market failures: pollution, taxes, and monopoly. We confirm prior results that the extent of profits taxation affects whether environmental policy can improve welfare at all, even with uncorrected pollution. This result still holds with monopoly power. However, the existence of monopoly has two offsetting effects on welfare. First, the environmental policy reduces monopoly profits, and the negative effect on income increases labor supply in a way that partially offsets the pre-existing labor supply distortion. Second, environmental policy raises prices further, so interaction with the pre-existing monopoly distortion further exacerbates the labor supply distortion. Thus monopoly power means that the income effect of capturing the scarcity rents from the emissions restriction is less important, but the price effect of higher output prices on the real net wage is more important. This second effect is larger, for reasonable parameter values, so the existence of monopoly reduces the welfare gain (or increases the loss) from environmental restrictions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Resource and Energy Economics.

Volume (Year): 24 (2002)
Issue (Month): 4 (November)
Pages: 327-347

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Handle: RePEc:eee:resene:v:24:y:2002:i:4:p:327-347

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505569

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Cited by:
  1. Requate, Till, 2005. "Environmental Policy under Imperfect Competition : A Survey," Economics Working Papers 2005,12, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
  2. Erin T. Mansur, 2007. "Do Oligopolists Pollute Less? Evidence from a Restructured Electricity Market," NBER Working Papers 13511, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Tisdell, John G., 2006. "Bringing Biophysical Models into the Economic Laboratory: An Experimental Analysis of Sediment Trading in Australia," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25631, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  4. Chu, Hsun & Lai, Ching-Chong, 2013. "Abatement R&D, Market Imperfections, and Environmental Policy in an Endogenous Growth Model," MPRA Paper 52869, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 2013.

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