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A review of biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas L. oil

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  • Koh, May Ying
  • Mohd. Ghazi, Tinia Idaty
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    Abstract

    The demand for petroleum has risen rapidly due to increasing industrialization and modernization of the world. This economic development has led to a huge demand for energy, where the major part of that energy is derived from fossil sources such as petroleum, coal and natural gas. However, the limited reserve of fossil fuel has drawn the attention of many researchers to look for alternative fuels which can be produced from renewable feedstock. Biodiesel has become more attractive because of its environmental benefits and it is obtained from renewable resources. There are four primary methods to make biodiesel: blending, microemulsion, pyrolysis and transesterification. The most commonly used method is the transesterification of triglycerides (vegetable oil and animal fats) with alcohol in the presence of a catalyst. There is a growing interest in using Jatropha curcas L. oil as the feedstock for biodiesel production because it is non-edible and thus does not compromise the edible oils, which are mainly used for food consumption. Non-edible oils are not suitable for human consumption because of the presence of toxic components. Further, J. curcas L. seed has a high content of oil and the biodiesel produced has similar properties to that of petroleum-based diesel. In this paper, an attempt has been made to review the different approaches and techniques used to generate biodiesel from Jatropha curcas oil. The main factors affecting the biodiesel yield, for example the molar ratio of alcohol to oil, catalyst concentration, reaction temperature and reaction time are discussed. Lastly, the environmental considerations and economic aspects of biodiesel are also addressed.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.

    Volume (Year): 15 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 5 (June)
    Pages: 2240-2251

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:15:y:2011:i:5:p:2240-2251

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    Keywords: Biodiesel Jatropha curcas Renewable feedstocks Transesterification;

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    Cited by:
    1. Badday, Ali Sabri & Abdullah, Ahmad Zuhairi & Lee, Keat-Teong, 2013. "Ultrasound-assisted transesterification of crude Jatropha oil using alumina-supported heteropolyacid catalyst," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 380-388.
    2. Tan, H.W. & Abdul Aziz, A.R. & Aroua, M.K., 2013. "Glycerol production and its applications as a raw material: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 118-127.
    3. Silitonga, A.S. & Masjuki, H.H. & Mahlia, T.M.I. & Ong, H.C. & Atabani, A.E. & Chong, W.T., 2013. "A global comparative review of biodiesel production from jatropha curcas using different homogeneous acid and alkaline catalysts: Study of physical and chemical properties," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 514-533.
    4. Pandey, Vimal Chandra & Singh, Kripal & Singh, Jay Shankar & Kumar, Akhilesh & Singh, Bajrang & Singh, Rana P., 2012. "Jatropha curcas: A potential biofuel plant for sustainable environmental development," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 2870-2883.
    5. Banković-Ilić, Ivana B. & Stamenković, Olivera S. & Veljković, Vlada B., 2012. "Biodiesel production from non-edible plant oils," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 3621-3647.
    6. Mofijur, M. & Atabani, A.E. & Masjuki, H.H. & Kalam, M.A. & Masum, B.M., 2013. "A study on the effects of promising edible and non-edible biodiesel feedstocks on engine performance and emissions production: A comparative evaluation," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 391-404.
    7. Fan, Mingming & Huang, Jianglei & Yang, Jing & Zhang, Pingbo, 2013. "Biodiesel production by transesterification catalyzed by an efficient choline ionic liquid catalyst," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 333-339.
    8. Kumar, Niraj & Varun, & Chauhan, Sant Ram, 2013. "Performance and emission characteristics of biodiesel from different origins: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 633-658.
    9. Rizwanul Fattah, I.M. & Masjuki, H.H. & Kalam, M.A. & Hazrat, M.A. & Masum, B.M. & Imtenan, S. & Ashraful, A.M., 2014. "Effect of antioxidants on oxidation stability of biodiesel derived from vegetable and animal based feedstocks," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 356-370.
    10. Chakraborty, Rajat & Gupta, Abhishek.K. & Chowdhury, Ratul, 2014. "Conversion of slaughterhouse and poultry farm animal fats and wastes to biodiesel: Parametric sensitivity and fuel quality assessment," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 120-134.
    11. Kalam, M.A. & Ahamed, J.U. & Masjuki, H.H., 2012. "Land availability of Jatropha production in Malaysia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 3999-4007.
    12. Borugadda, Venu Babu & Goud, Vaibhav V., 2012. "Biodiesel production from renewable feedstocks: Status and opportunities," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(7), pages 4763-4784.
    13. Khalil, H.P.S. Abdul & Aprilia, N.A. Sri & Bhat, A.H. & Jawaid, M. & Paridah, M.T. & Rudi, D., 2013. "A Jatropha biomass as renewable materials for biocomposites and its applications," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 22(C), pages 667-685.
    14. Sanjid, A. & Masjuki, H.H. & Kalam, M.A. & Rahman, S.M. Ashrafur & Abedin, M.J. & Palash, S.M., 2013. "Impact of palm, mustard, waste cooking oil and Calophyllum inophyllum biofuels on performance and emission of CI engine," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 664-682.
    15. Mofijur, M. & Masjuki, H.H. & Kalam, M.A. & Atabani, A.E. & Shahabuddin, M. & Palash, S.M. & Hazrat, M.A., 2013. "Effect of biodiesel from various feedstocks on combustion characteristics, engine durability and materials compatibility: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 441-455.
    16. Silitonga, A.S. & Masjuki, H.H. & Mahlia, T.M.I. & Ong, H.C. & Chong, W.T. & Boosroh, M.H., 2013. "Overview properties of biodiesel diesel blends from edible and non-edible feedstock," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 22(C), pages 346-360.
    17. Motasemi, F. & Ani, F.N., 2012. "A review on microwave-assisted production of biodiesel," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(7), pages 4719-4733.
    18. Yang, Cheng-Yuan & Fang, Zhen & Li, Bo & Long, Yun-feng, 2012. "Review and prospects of Jatropha biodiesel industry in China," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 2178-2190.

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