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Does the diversity of human capital increase GDP? A comparison of education systems

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  • Takii, Katsuya
  • Tanaka, Ryuichi

Abstract

This paper examines how different education systems affect GDP by influencing the diversity of human capital. We construct an overlapping generation model in which agents are heterogeneous in income and innate ability, and the final goods are produced with differentiated intermediate goods. It is shown that under a realistic condition, the diversity of human capital induced by income inequality always lowers the GDP of the next period, while the diversity of human capital induced by heterogeneous ability can increase GDP, if the produced intermediate goods are sufficiently substitutable and firms have a large span of control. Hence, as public education equalizes education resources across households, it mitigates the negative effect of income inequality on GDP, while the effects of ability tracking crucially depend on the production structure of the economy.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Public Economics.

Volume (Year): 93 (2009)
Issue (Month): 7-8 (August)
Pages: 998-1007

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Handle: RePEc:eee:pubeco:v:93:y:2009:i:7-8:p:998-1007

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505578

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Keywords: Span of control Complementarities Human capital Ability tracking;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Leonel Prieto & Tagi Sagafi-nejad & Balaji Janamanchi, 2013. "A Bourdieusian Perspective on Acculturation: Mexican Immigrants in the United States," Administrative Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(4), pages 290-305, December.
  2. Katsuya Takii & Ryuichi Tanaka, 2013. "On the role of job assignment in a comparison of education systems," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 46(1), pages 180-207, February.
  3. Ryo Arawatari, 2009. "Informatization, voter turnout and income inequality," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 7(1), pages 29-54, March.
  4. Matilde Bombardini & Giovanni Gallipoli & Germán Pupato, 2009. "Skill Dispersion and Trade Flows," Working Paper Series 20_09, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, revised Jan 2009.
  5. Pao-Li Chang & Fali Huang, 2010. "Trade and Divergence in Education Systems," Working Papers 33-2010, Singapore Management University, School of Economics.

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