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The influence of types of training on service system performance in mass service and service shop operations

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  • Mackelprang, Alan W.
  • Jayaram, Jayanth
  • Xu, Kefeng
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    Abstract

    This research specifically examines the direct and indirect effects of job specific training and training in quality management techniques, on service system performance. To further explicate these relationships and to provide more specific managerial relevance, we examine these relationships across two common, but under-researched types of service processes, i.e., mass services and service shops. Survey data collected from 281 service firms in China was analyzed utilizing a Partial Least Squares (PLS) approach to structural equation modeling and multi-group model comparisons. Our results indicate that in generic service settings, quality management related training has a larger positive impact on service system performance than does job specific training. However, this effect is not universal. In “Service Shop” settings, job specific training was found to have a larger impact on service system performance, while in “Mass Service” settings quality management training was found to have the higher total impact on service system performance. This study is the first to distinguish between job specific training and quality management training and their differential effects on employee capability and service system performance. Additionally, through examining these relationships across two under-researched service process types, not only are greater managerial insights gained, but also the context-specific nature of our findings is further explicated. Finally, the emerging importance of China in global operations makes this study all the more important.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Journal of Production Economics.

    Volume (Year): 138 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 183-194

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:proeco:v:138:y:2012:i:1:p:183-194

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ijpe

    Related research

    Keywords: Service process matrix; Quality management training; Job specific training; PLS;

    References

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    1. Calabrese, Armando, 2012. "Service productivity and service quality: A necessary trade-off?," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(2), pages 800-812.
    2. Richard B. Chase & David A. Tansik, 1983. "The Customer Contact Model for Organization Design," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 29(9), pages 1037-1050, September.
    3. Suresh Chand & Herbert Moskowitz & John Norris & Steve Shade & Deanna Willis, 2009. "Improving patient flow at an outpatient clinic: study of sources of variability and improvement factors," Health Care Management Science, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 325-340, September.
    4. Jang, Jaejin & Liu, C. Richard, 1993. "Estimating the reduction in labor hours due to a new technology under uncertain demand," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 211-222, March.
    5. Lai, Kee-Hung, 2003. "Market orientation in quality-oriented organizations and its impact on their performance," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 17-34, April.
    6. Rogelio Oliva & John D. Sterman, 2001. "Cutting Corners and Working Overtime: Quality Erosion in the Service Industry," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 47(7), pages 894-914, July.
    7. Tari, Juan Jose & Sabater, Vicente, 2004. "Quality tools and techniques: Are they necessary for quality management?," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(3), pages 267-280, December.
    8. Sadikoglu, Esin & Zehir, Cemal, 2010. "Investigating the effects of innovation and employee performance on the relationship between total quality management practices and firm performance: An empirical study of Turkish firms," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 127(1), pages 13-26, September.
    9. Botta-Genoulaz, Valerie & Millet, Pierre-Alain, 2006. "An investigation into the use of ERP systems in the service sector," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(1-2), pages 202-221, February.
    10. Rahman, Shams-ur & Bullock, Philip, 2005. "Soft TQM, hard TQM, and organisational performance relationships: an empirical investigation," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 73-83, February.
    11. Han, Jiqin & Trienekens, Jacques H. & (Onno) Omta, S.W.F., 2011. "Relationship and quality management in the Chinese pork supply chain," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 134(2), pages 312-321, December.
    12. Lemoine, Francoise & Unal-Kesenci, Deniz, 2004. "Assembly Trade and Technology Transfer: The Case of China," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 829-850, May.
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