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Impact of risk aversion on optimal decisions in supply contracts

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  • Wu, Jun
  • Wang, Shouyang
  • Chao, Xiuli
  • Ng, C.T.
  • Cheng, T.C.E.
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    Abstract

    We introduce the concept of conditional value-at-risk as the evaluation criterion in a supply contract model. We first derive the manufacturer's optimal decisions and then analyze the impact of risk aversion on the manufacturer's decisions. We follow by conducting numerical experiments to observe how the manufacturer's risk attitude affects his decisions. We obtain results that characterize the explicit relationship between the manufacturer's risk attitude and his optimal decisions. We also show the dependence of the decision variables on the price and cost parameters, which is seldom given in the literature.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Journal of Production Economics.

    Volume (Year): 128 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 2 (December)
    Pages: 569-576

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:proeco:v:128:y:2010:i:2:p:569-576

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ijpe

    Related research

    Keywords: Supply chain management Risk analysis Conditional value-at-risk;

    References

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    1. Maurice E. Schweitzer & Gérard P. Cachon, 2000. "Decision Bias in the Newsvendor Problem with a Known Demand Distribution: Experimental Evidence," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 46(3), pages 404-420, March.
    2. Xiao, Tiaojun & Shi, Kuiran & Yang, Danqin, 2010. "Coordination of a supply chain with consumer return under demand uncertainty," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(1), pages 171-180, March.
    3. Lau, Hon-Shiang & Lau, Amy Hing-Ling, 1999. "Manufacturer's pricing strategy and return policy for a single-period commodity," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 116(2), pages 291-304, July.
    4. Gotoh, Jun-ya & Takano, Yuichi, 2007. "Newsvendor solutions via conditional value-at-risk minimization," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 179(1), pages 80-96, May.
    5. Xiao, Tiaojun & Yang, Danqin, 2009. "Risk sharing and information revelation mechanism of a one-manufacturer and one-retailer supply chain facing an integrated competitor," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 196(3), pages 1076-1085, August.
    6. Xiao, Tiaojun & Yang, Danqin, 2008. "Price and service competition of supply chains with risk-averse retailers under demand uncertainty," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(1), pages 187-200, July.
    7. Bertsimas, Dimitris & Lauprete, Geoffrey J. & Samarov, Alexander, 2004. "Shortfall as a risk measure: properties, optimization and applications," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 1353-1381, April.
    8. Vipul Agrawal & Sridhar Seshadri, 2000. "Impact of Uncertainty and Risk Aversion on Price and Order Quantity in the Newsvendor Problem," Manufacturing & Service Operations Management, INFORMS, vol. 2(4), pages 410-423, July.
    9. Xiao, Tiaojun & Choi, Tsan-Ming, 2009. "Purchasing choices and channel structure strategies for a two-echelon system with risk-averse players," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 120(1), pages 54-65, July.
    10. Tang, Christopher S., 2006. "Perspectives in supply chain risk management," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(2), pages 451-488, October.
    11. Louis Eeckhoudt & Christian Gollier & Harris Schlesinger, 1995. "The Risk-Averse (and Prudent) Newsboy," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 41(5), pages 786-794, May.
    12. Ahmed, Shabbir & Cakmak, Ulas & Shapiro, Alexander, 2007. "Coherent risk measures in inventory problems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 182(1), pages 226-238, October.
    13. Wu, Jun & Li, Jian & Wang, Shouyang & Cheng, T.C.E., 2009. "Mean-variance analysis of the newsvendor model with stockout cost," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 724-730, June.
    14. Borgonovo, E. & Peccati, L., 2009. "Financial management in inventory problems: Risk averse vs risk neutral policies," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 233-242, March.
    15. Rockafellar, R. Tyrrell & Uryasev, Stanislav, 2002. "Conditional value-at-risk for general loss distributions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(7), pages 1443-1471, July.
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    Cited by:
    1. Chan, Chi Kin & Lee, Y.C.E. & Campbell, J.F., 2013. "Environmental performance—Impacts of vendor–buyer coordination," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 145(2), pages 683-695.
    2. Egri, Péter & Váncza, József, 2012. "Channel coordination with the newsvendor model using asymmetric information," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(1), pages 491-499.

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