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Backup strategy for robots' failures in an automotive assembly system

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  • Kahan, Tomer
  • Bukchin, Yossi
  • Menassa, Roland
  • Ben-Gal, Irad
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    Abstract

    Automotive assembly lines are often characterized by robots' failures that may result in stoppages of the lines and manual backup of tasks. The phenomena tend to impair throughput rate and products' quality. This paper presents a backup strategy in which working robots perform tasks of failed robots. The proposed Mixed-Integer Linear-Programming based approach minimizes the throughput loss by utilizing the robots' redundancy in the system. Two algorithms are developed to comply with stochastic conditions of a real-world environment. The performance of these algorithms is compared with several heuristics, and the downstream-backup based algorithm is found superior to all other methods.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Journal of Production Economics.

    Volume (Year): 120 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 2 (August)
    Pages: 315-326

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:proeco:v:120:y:2009:i:2:p:315-326

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ijpe

    Related research

    Keywords: Automotive industry Assembly lines Spot welding Robot failures Line balancing;

    References

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    1. Matthias Amen, 2003. "Heuristic methods for cost-oriented assembly line balancing: a survey," GE, Growth, Math methods 0309003, EconWPA, revised 09 Sep 2003.
    2. Armin Scholl & Christian Becker, 2003. "State-of-the-art exact and heuristic solution procedures for simple assembly line balancing," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft 20/2003, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    3. Becker, Christian & Scholl, Armin, 2006. "A survey on problems and methods in generalized assembly line balancing," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 168(3), pages 694-715, February.
    4. Nils Boysen & Malte Fliedner & Armin Scholl, 2006. "Assembly line balancing: Which model to use when?," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft 23/2006, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
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    Cited by:
    1. Battaïa, Olga & Dolgui, Alexandre, 2013. "A taxonomy of line balancing problems and their solutionapproaches," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 142(2), pages 259-277.

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