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Do collective actions clear common air? The effect of international environmental protocols on sulphur emissions

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  • Aakvik, Arild
  • Tjøtta, Sigve

Abstract

This paper considers the effects of voluntary international environmental protocols on emissions, in particular the effect of the 1985 Helsinki Protocol and the 1994 Oslo Protocol on the reduction of sulphur oxides. The analysis employs panel data from 30 European countries over the period between 1960 and 2002. We divide all countries into 'signatories' and 'controls', i.e., those that have signed and ratified a specific protocol and those that have not. Using a difference-in-difference panel data regression model, including yearly dummies and country-specific quadratic growth trajectories, we find no significant effect of either the Helsinki or the Oslo agreement in reducing sulphur emissions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal European Journal of Political Economy.

Volume (Year): 27 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 343-351

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Handle: RePEc:eee:poleco:v:27:y:2011:i:2:p:343-351

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505544

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Keywords: International environmental agreements Program evaluation Panel data;

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References

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  1. Michael Hoel, 1992. "International environment conventions: The case of uniform reductions of emissions," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 2(2), pages 141-159, March.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Aichele, Rahel & Felbermayr, Gabriel, 2012. "Kyoto and the carbon footprint of nations," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 336-354.
  2. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel J. Felbermayr, 2011. "Estimating the effects of Kyoto on bilateraltrade flows using matching econometrics," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 119, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  3. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel Felbermayr, 2013. "The Effect of the Kyoto Protocol on Carbon Emissions," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(4), pages 731-757, 09.
  4. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel J. Felbermayr, 2011. "Kyoto and Carbon Leakage: An Empirical Analysis of the Carbon Content of Bilateral Trade," CESifo Working Paper Series 3661, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Jürg Vollenweider, 2013. "The effectiveness of international environmental agreements," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 13(3), pages 343-367, September.
  6. Rahel Aichele & Gabriel Felbermayr, 2011. "What a Difference Kyoto Made: Evidence from Instrumental Variables Estimation," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 102, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.

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