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The escape of pedestrians with view radius

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  • Ma, Peijie
  • Wang, Binghong
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    Abstract

    In this brief letter, we modify the classic social force model of Helbing which is applied to simulate how a pedestrian gets outside a hall full of smoke. As the Vicsek model does, the view radius is introduced to describe the range the pedestrian can see. The relation between the evacuation time and the view radius is studied with different numbers of pedestrians. The results show that the shorter the view radius is, the more time walkers will spend escaping, and even fail to escape. And the relation between the number of remaining walkers and the view radius shows non-monotonicity, if the number of pedestrians is larger than 600. And lastly, we propose to enlarge the width of the exit or to add two small exits in the corners, which may decrease the evacuation time greatly and obviously reduce the number of remaining walkers.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications.

    Volume (Year): 392 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 215-220

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:392:y:2013:i:1:p:215-220

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    Web page: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/physica-a-statistical-mechpplications/

    Related research

    Keywords: Escape; View radius; Pedestrian;

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    Cited by:
    1. Rodriguez, E. & Espinosa-Paredes, G. & Alvarez-Ramirez, J., 2014. "Convection–diffusion effects in marathon race dynamics," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 393(C), pages 498-507.
    2. Wan, Jiahui & Sui, Jie & Yu, Hua, 2014. "Research on evacuation in the subway station in China based on the Combined Social Force Model," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 394(C), pages 33-46.
    3. Li, Wenhang & Gong, Jianhua & Yu, Ping & Shen, Shen & Li, Rong & Duan, Qishen, 2014. "Simulation and analysis of individual trampling risk during escalator transfers," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 408(C), pages 119-133.
    4. Hou, Lei & Liu, Jian-Guo & Pan, Xue & Wang, Bing-Hong, 2014. "A social force evacuation model with the leadership effect," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 400(C), pages 93-99.

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