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How does Europe Make Its Mind Up? Connections, cliques, and compatibility between countries in the Eurovision Song Contest

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  • Fenn, Daniel
  • Suleman, Omer
  • Efstathiou, Janet
  • Johnson, Neil F.
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    Abstract

    We investigate the complex relationships between countries in the Eurovision Song Contest, by recasting past voting data from 1992–2003 in terms of a dynamical network. Our analysis shows that the UK is remarkably compatible, or ‘in tune’, with other European countries during the period of study. Equally surprising is our finding that some other core countries, most notably France, are significantly ‘out of tune’ with the rest of Europe during the same period. In addition, our analysis enables us to confirm a widely-held belief that there are unofficial cliques of countries; however, these cliques are not always the expected ones, nor can their existence be explained solely on the grounds of geographical proximity. The complexity in this system emerges via the group ‘self-assessment’ process, and in the absence of any central controller. One might therefore speculate that such complexity is representative of many real-world situations in which groups of ‘agents’ establish their own inter-relationships and hence ultimately decide their own fate. Possible examples include groups of individuals, societies, political groups or even governments.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications.

    Volume (Year): 360 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 576-598

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:360:y:2006:i:2:p:576-598

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    Web page: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/physica-a-statistical-mechpplications/

    Related research

    Keywords: Networks; Dynamics; Cliques; Clustering; Culture;

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    Cited by:
    1. Laura Bottazzi & Marco Da Rin & Thomas Hellmann, 2007. "The Importance of Trust for Investment: Evidence from Venture Capital," Working Papers 325, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    2. Felbermayr, Gabriel & Toubal, Farid, 2010. "Cultural proximity and trade," Munich Reprints in Economics 20351, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    3. Björn Frank & Stefan Krabel, 2012. "Gens una sumus? – Or Does Political Ideology Affect Experts’ Aesthetic Judgement of Chess Games," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201237, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    4. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00641280 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Clerides, Sofronis & Stengos, Thanasis, 2006. "Love thy Neighbour, Love thy Kin: Strategy and Bias in the Eurovision Song Contest," CEPR Discussion Papers 5732, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Saavedra, Serguei & Efstathiou, Janet & Reed-Tsochas, Felix, 2007. "Identifying the underlying structure and dynamic interactions in a voting network," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 377(2), pages 672-688.
    7. Saban, Daniela & Bonomo, Flavia & Stier-Moses, Nicolás E., 2010. "Analysis and models of bilateral investment treaties using a social networks approach," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(17), pages 3661-3673.
    8. Gustedt, Jens & Raghavan, Hari K. & Schimit, Pedro, 2011. "Exploring the random genesis of co-occurrence networks," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 390(9), pages 1516-1528.

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