Impacts of climate variability and change on fishery-based livelihoods
AbstractThere is increasing concern over the consequences of global warming for the food security and livelihoods of the world's 36 million fisherfolk and the nearly 1.5 billion consumers who rely on fish for more than 20% of their dietary animal protein. With mounting evidence of the impacts of climate variability and change on aquatic ecosystems, the resulting impacts on fisheries livelihoods are likely to be significant, but remain a neglected area in climate adaptation policy. Drawing upon our research and the available literature, and using a livelihoods framework, this paper synthesizes the pathways through which climate variability and change impact fisherfolk livelihoods at the household and community level. We identify current and potential adaptation strategies and explore the wider implications for local livelihoods, fisheries management and climate policies. Responses to climate change can be anticipatory or reactive and should include: (1) management approaches and policies that build the livelihood asset base, reducing vulnerability to multiple stressors, including climate change; (2) an understanding of current response mechanisms to climate variability and other shocks in order to inform planned adaptation; (3) a recognition of the opportunities that climate change could bring to the sector; (4) adaptive strategies designed with a multi-sector perspective; and (5) a recognition of fisheries potential contribution to mitigation efforts.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Marine Policy.
Volume (Year): 34 (2010)
Issue (Month): 3 (May)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/marpol
Fisheries Livelihoods Climate change Climate variability Adaptation;
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- Melissa Marschke & Ouk Lykhim & Nong Kim, 2014. "Can Local Institutions Help Sustain Livelihoods in an Era of Fish Declines and Persistent Environmental Change? A Cambodian Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(5), pages 2490-2505, April.
- Aguilar Ibarra, Alonso & Sanchez Vargas, Armando & Martinez Lopez, Benjamin, 2012. "Economic impacts of climate change on two Mexican coastal fisheries: Implications to food security," Economics Discussion Papers 2012-64, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
- Neil Holbrook & Johanna Johnson, 2014. "Climate change impacts and adaptation of commercial marine fisheries in Australia: a review of the science," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 124(4), pages 703-715, June.
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