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Public school availability for two-year olds and mothers' labour supply

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  • Goux, Dominique
  • Maurin, Eric

Abstract

French children start public school either the year they turn two or the year they turn three. We evaluate the impact of this unique schooling policy on maternal labour supply. Using a Regression-Discontinuity design, we show that early school availability has a significant employment effect on lone mothers, but no effect on two-parent families. Also we show that the effect grows larger as the child grows older and as the family loses eligibility for child benefits. Finally, we provide some new evidence that school enrolment at the age of two has no adverse effect on children's subsequent educational outcomes.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Labour Economics.

Volume (Year): 17 (2010)
Issue (Month): 6 (December)
Pages: 951-962

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Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:17:y:2010:i:6:p:951-962

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/labeco

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Keywords: Maternal labour supply Preschool;

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References

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  1. Michael Baker & Jonathan Gruber & Kevin Milligan, 2006. "Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply, and Family Well-Being," Working Papers id:547, eSocialSciences.
  2. Samuel Berlinski & Sebastian Galiani & Paul Gertler, 2006. "The Effect of Pre-Primary Education on Primary School Performance," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp838, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  3. Samuel Berlinski & Sebastian Galiani, 2004. "The effect of a large expansion of pre-primary school facilities on preschool attendance and maternal employment," IFS Working Papers W04/30, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  4. Elizabeth U. Cascio, 2009. "Maternal Labor Supply and the Introduction of Kindergartens into American Public Schools," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 44(1).
  5. Joshua Angrist & Alan Krueger, 1990. "The Effect of Age at School Entry on Educational Attainment: An Application of Instrumental Variables with Moments from Two Samples," Working Papers 654, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
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Cited by:
  1. N. Frémeaux & Thomas Piketty, 2013. "GINI Country Report: Growing Inequalities and their Impacts in France," GINI Country Reports france, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
  2. Christina Felfe & Michael Lechner & Petra Thiemann, 2013. "After-School Care and Parents' Labor Supply," CESifo Working Paper Series 4487, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. repec:crs:wpaper:2013-10 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Elodie ALET & Liliane BONNAL & Pascal FAVARD, 2013. "Repetition : Medicine for a Short-run Remission," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 111-112, pages 9.
  5. Wasi, Nada & den Berg, Bernard van & Buchmueller, Thomas C., 2012. "Heterogeneous effects of child disability on maternal labor supply: Evidence from the 2000 US Census," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 139-154.
  6. Nollenberger, Natalia & Rodríguez-Planas, Núria, 2011. "Child Care, Maternal Employment and Persistence: A Natural Experiment from Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 5888, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Olivier Thévenon & Angela Luci, 2012. "Reconciling Work, Family and Child Outcomes: What Implications for Family Support Policies?," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, vol. 31(6), pages 855-882, December.

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