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Unemployment insurance in Chile: Does it stabilize the business cycle?

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  • Cerda, Rodrigo
  • Vergara, Rodrigo

Abstract

En este artículo exploramos los efectos del seguro de cesantía en Chile. Un modelo de equilibrio es calibrado para la economía chilena para el periodo 1960-2000. Suponemos una economía sujeta a shocks tecnológicos exógenos con una fracción de la población sujeta a restricciones de liquidez. Nuestra principal conclusión es que el seguro de cesantía tiene un cierto efecto estabilizador del ciclo económico, especialmente sobre el consumo, pero este es un efecto de segundo orden de magnitud. También encontramos que mientras más grande sea la fracción de la población sujeta a restricciones de liquidez, más probable es que el programa sea beneficioso en términos de bienestar. Nuestros resultados sugieren que el objetivo de estabilizar el ciclo económico podría ser alcanzado más eficientemente utilizando instrumentos alternativos..

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Policy Modeling.

Volume (Year): 29 (2007)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 473-488

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jpolmo:v:29:y:2007:i:3:p:473-488

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505735

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References

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  1. Andrew Atkeson & Christopher Phelan, 1994. "Reconsidering the Costs of Business Cycles with Incomplete Markets," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1994, Volume 9, pages 187-218 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Martin Neil Bailey, 1977. "Unemployment insurance as insurance for workers," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 30(4), pages 495-504, July.
  3. Hansen, G.D. & Imrohoroglu, A., 1990. "The Role Of Unemployment Insurance In An Economy With Liquidity Constraints And Moral Hazard," Papers 21, California Los Angeles - Applied Econometrics.
  4. Easley, David & Kiefer, Nicholas M & Possen, Uri, 1985. "An Equilibrium Analysis of Optimal Unemployment Insurance and Taxation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 100(5), pages 989-1010, Supp..
  5. Hansen, Gary D., 1985. "Indivisible labor and the business cycle," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 309-327, November.
  6. Imrohoruglu, Ayse, 1989. "Cost of Business Cycles with Indivisibilities and Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1364-83, December.
  7. Marcel, Mario, 2001. "Balance Estructural del Gobierno Central. Metodología y Estimaciones para Chile
    [Structural Bazlance of Central Government. Methodology and estimates for Chile]
    ," MPRA Paper 43338, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Daniel S. Hamermesh, 1980. "Social Insurance and Consumption: An Empirical Inquiry," NBER Working Papers 0600, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Enrique G. Mendoza & Katherine A. Smith, 2002. "Margin Calls, Trading Costs, and Asset Prices in Emerging Markets: The Finanical Mechanics of the 'Sudden Stop' Phenomenon," NBER Working Papers 9286, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Raimundo Soto & Raphael Bergoeing, 2002. "Testing Real Business Cycle Models in an Emerging Economy," Documentos de Trabajo 219, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  11. Laura Brown & Christopher Ferrall, 2003. "Unemployment insurance and the business cycle," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 44(3), pages 863-894, 08.
  12. Beaudry, Paul & Pages, Carmen, 2001. "The cost of business cycles and the stabilization value of unemployment insurance," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(8), pages 1545-1572, August.
  13. repec:qed:wpaper:965 is not listed on IDEAS
  14. Kenneth L. Judd, 1998. "Numerical Methods in Economics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262100711, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Solange Berstein & Eduardo Fajnzylber & Pamela Gana & Isabel Poblete, 2007. "Cinco Años de Funcionamiento del Seguro de Cesantía en Chile," Working Papers 23, Superintendencia de Pensiones, revised Dec 2007.
  2. Rodrigo Cerda; Fernando Coloma. & Fernando Coloma., 2009. "Estudio Actuarial de los Fondos de Cesantía 2008," Documentos de Trabajo 357, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..

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